1. Pre-industrial society refers to the social, political, cultural and economic forms of
organisation that were prevalent before the industrial revolution. Pre-industrial
societies are usually characterised by predominantly agricultural ec
THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE AGE OF
Key Idea: the world can be made better through the application of rational thinking. The Enlightenment is
the period in the history of Western thought and culture, stretching roughly from the mid-decades of the
TYPES OF SOCIETIES
Key Idea: Societies developed over 10 000 12 000 years into what it is today. (these societies still coexist
Hunting Gathering Societies:
o Simple technology for hunting animals and gathering vegetation.
o Small groups of people
Informalisation is the increasing trend of people employed in informal jobs. This means that their jobs
are outside of government supervision and regulation, and often times neglect the benefits and
infringe on the rights of those working in this sector.