Introduction to Psychology
Alan J. Fridlund, Ph.D.
Fields Within Psychology
Physiological Psychology Experimental Psychophysics (Sensation and Perception) Quantitative (Math) Psychology Animal Experimental Psychology Cognitive Psychology Deve
Types of Memory Include:
Verbal (studied the most) Visuospatial Motor Tactile Autonomic
Early Memory Research
Memory for Consonant Vowel - Consonant
BAB GIX BOP KIP POY SIK NIP . . .
Time Elapsed Since Learning
Digital Computer vs. Brain
Digital Computer Brain
Inorganic (Si, GaAs) Taught Fixed hardware
Organic (C, O, N) Can teach itself Grows own circuits
Repairs itself (somewhat)
Tool Non-adaptive software Agent Adaptive software
Areas Where the Brain
Evolution and Behavior
Sir Charles Darwin
Info About Darwin
Continuity of life forms
Voyage Aboard H. M. S. Beagle
The Voyage of the Beagle (1845)
Why Is There Sex?
Hedge against environmental change No current reason for humans phylogenetic inertia
Protection against pathogens Queen hypothesis Red
Gametes (Sex Cells)
40 - 600 million per ejaculate
Released 1-2 /month
The Sexes a
Is a trait due to heredity or to the environment? Sometimes, the problem is stated as maturation vs. enculturation.
Environment can be:
Chemical (environmental toxins; lifestyle exposure, e.g., smoking, drinking) pathogen psychological pre-,