-Could not prove the existence of God through the use of reason.
-Did help to transition away from the medieval way of thinking.
-Before Descartes, God was assumed.
-Tried to prove God systematically and through the
I. The Existence of Mind
II. The Existence of God
III. The Existence of Everything Else
IV. Conclude Descartes
The Existence of Mind
How do we make sense of anything?
o Simple Ideas
o Complex Ideas
Transition From Dante and Background
-Dante is a coherent view of how the world existed before the modern world.
-Human beings made sense of the cosmos and of politics by understanding the
universe and the afterlife.
-Reality was lai
How Can Dante Claim to Know the Truth?
-There are two primary sources where you find truth, known as the Athens and
Jerusalem debate, aka Reason vs Revelation.
-Revelation: it is possible to get the truth from the word of God.
Dante Alighieri and the Divine Comedy
-Look at Dante to see how people used to understand all of reality in the past.
-Until the modern period, in the west there was only one single narrative as to how
the world and reality operat
All of Human Experience up to Dante
-History refers to written accounts without supernatural forces.
-The prehistoric period was an understanding of the world that was ontologically
-This means that the people alive during that ti