HOUR TEST QUESTIONS
1. In setting out his equality of capability view, Sen makes use of the idea of functionings,
understood as doings and beings. Explain how these concepts figure in the idea of an
individuals capability, and in the idea of equality of
Phil 122 Mid-Term 2 Study Guide
1. What is the difference between a liberty right and a claim right? How does the distinction figure in Lockes theory of property?
2. In explaining his view that we come to have property in unowned things by mixing our labo
122 Lecture 10
Liberty upsets patterns
Taxation as forced labor
Labor vs leisure
Others as part owners of you
A requirement to pay back?
The concept of exploitation
How is surplus value possible?
Use value and consumption
The labor theory of value
Socially necessary labor
Moneythe universal equivalent
Production for purpose of exchange
The circulation of commodities
Simple circulation: C-M-C
122 Lecture 5
Concerns access to desirable positions
Access should be determined by a competition open to all.
Careers open to talents an improvement over connections or inheritance
But will reward developed talent
This is affected by morally ar
122 Lecture 3
Principles chosen in the original position
It has moral features
Could be features of the contracting situation just described that would raise
doubts about whether the constraints agreed on were genuine requirements of
Mid-Term 1 Full Study Guide
1. Rawls says that utilitarianism makes the mistake of applying to choice by a group of
people a principle that is appropriate only for choice within an individual life. Why,
exactly, is this a mistake? (What feature o
Rawls says that a society is a cooperative venture for mutual advantage
A conception of justice is a view about the appropriate distribution of benefits and
Rawls is concerned with the justice of the basic structure
Its effects are
Phil 122 Mid-term 1
1A. The basic structure of a political society, as understood by Rawls, consists of the
fundamental political, economic, and social institutions. Thus a society with democratic
political institutions has a basic structure
Unit 1 definitions
Epistemology: the study of knowledge
Metaphysics: the study of Ultimate reality.
Ethics: The study of human values and how individuals should act.
Logic: The rules of valid reasoning and argumentation.
Philosophy of relig