Inhalants are volatile substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to produce a psychoactive effect. Four types include: Volatile solvents are chemicals that are liquid at room temp. and give off fumes, ie. gasoline, paint thinne
Multiple opioid receptors Multiple opioid receptor sites-brain, brain stem, spinal cord, digestive system, many organs While similar to endogenous opioids, opioid/opiate drugs cause more intense reactions Each drug has its unique affinity
Wernicke- Korsakoff Syndrome
Thiamine (necessary for glucose metabolism in the brain) is more d ifficult to absorb under heavy alcohol use. Also, many alcoholics do not eat well which exacerbates the problem. Eventually, lack of t hiamine results in manif
History of Drug Use Chapter Two
Let us not then simply censure the gift of Dionysus as bad and unfit to be received into the State. For wine has many excellences.Shall we begin by enacting that boys shall not taste wine at all until they are eighteen year
Ch.3 Nervous System
Myelin-fatty white substance covering some axons; increases speed of electrical impulse; if deteriorates, results in a disease. Action potential-when neuron is stimulated at its dendrites receptors, changes can occur within the cell a
Notes on Chapter 6
In the 1880s, cocaine was introduced to Europe and also through scientific interest, was
When cocaine makes contact with peripheral neurons, it prevents peripheral firing. This led to its
use as an antisectic.
Freuds friend, V
Addictions Study Guide Ch. 1:
1. Know definitions for:
A. Psychopharmacology: an area within the field of pharmacology that focuses on the
effects of drugs on behavior.
B. Drug: Broadly defined as any chemical entity or mixture of entities not
Ch. 10 Study Guide
1. What are opiates? Opioids?
2. From what plant does opium come?
3. In what countries are a lot of opium poppy plants grown?
4. What are medical uses of opiate drugs? What is analgesia?
5. What do opiates do to membrane excitability? W
1. What drugs are included in the sedative-hypnotic classification?
2. What are anxiolytics? What neurotransmitter do they mainly impact?
3. For what is phenobarbital commonly used?
4. What are problems with barbiturates?
5. Compare th
Ch. 11 Study Guide
1. Marijuana fibers have been used for _, _, and _.
2. What is the name of the plant from which most recreational marijuana comes?
3. Marijuana is made from what parts of the plant? Which part has the most THC?
4. In what year was marij
Study Guide Ch. 12
1. What are the types of serotonergic hallucinogens? Which of these does NOT have a
chemical formula similar to serotonin? Which is the most potent? From what
source/plant do they come?
2. What is the neurotransmitter associated with LS
Addictions Chapter 15 Study Guide
1. What is spontaneous remission? How common is it?
2. Name/define stages of change model of Prochaska, DiClemente, & Norcross, 1992.
3. Why is the above model helpful in treatment?
4. What are the characteristics of 12-s
Nicotinic/cholinergic receptors (nAChRs): One of two subtypes of Ach The other is muscarinic Ionotropic Five protein subunits(alpha4 and beta2 ); these subunits vary depending on location (neurons, muscles) Locations include CNS, neuromuscular ju
Methamphetamine Video More difficult to quit than many other substances. Some places and people are triggers. Very large reinforcement with euphoria that will be more and more difficult to achieve and being without is hard to endure. BASIC NEUROCHEMISTRY
Chapter 6 Review
1. The _ _ allowed the Incas to continue their use of _ because it helped the Incas work more. 2. In the _, cocaine was introduced to Europe and also through scientific interest, was isolated. 3. When cocaine makes contact with peripheral
Small molecule. Moderately soluble in fat, which helps it pass BBB, which happens quickly. Highly soluble in water. Helps alcohol to be distributed to all bodily tissues, more to those with higher water/blood content. Passes blood/placenta
Ingestion: mouth throat esophagus: greater risk for cancer in heavy alcohol users Stomach: metabolism begins men vs. women food-milk-aspirin impact absorption begins Small intestine: more absorption
Ethanol absorbed from stomach and sma
Throughout history Medicine, antiseptic, sacrament, beverage with meals Uses: Enjoyment, escape, numbing, social lubricant, experience new things Revenue source (contributes to its being legal): $13.50 per proof gallon to Fed.Gov. 2/3 oz. pu
Librium- first one in 1960 Valium- 1963- long lasting due to active metabolites; tolerance and withdrawal occurs Cross-tolerance and cross-dependence with other depressants; this allows for their use in withdrawal of alcohol. Act by inhan
Chapter One: Notes/Study Guide
Pharmacology- (1) the study of drugs: the science or study of drugs, especially of the ways in which they react biologically at receptor sites in the body. (2) Drugs effects: the effects that a drug has when taken by somebod
Chapter Nine Textbook Ch.9 Alcohol Study Guide (does not include hand-out materials or video)
1. What is distillation? What is proof? 2. The earliest reference to distilled spirits appeared where and when? 3. Early Americans became known for their alcohol
quick reference to psychotropic medication
DevelopeD by John preston, psy.D., Abpp
To the best of our knowledge recommended doses and side effects listed below are accurate. However, this is meant as a general reference only, and should not serve as a gui
In general, tolerance effects following repeated administrations of THC are greater as the dosage level of THC increases. Because marijuana(M) is absorbed into fatty tissues, its elimination may take days, weeks or months. Development of a canna
Marijuana: Neurochemistry and Physiology Video
Cannabis sativa has hundreds of molecules and 60 similar cannabinoid compounds. Most important is the potent delta-9-THC: tetrahydrocannabinol (psychoactive). The desire for its mental effects leads to its be
Heroin(video): From Pleasure to Pain
Addicts think about heroin, how to get it, using it, and risk legal and medical problems. Lowered cost and improved purity added to the problems from heroin (like ER visits). Drug abuse #1 health problem in the US. Ove
The Wizards of Wall Street (Michael Baliteri failed to enter the sell order correctly):
Michael Baliteri, a trader at Salomon Company was instructed by a senior manager to
enter a buy sell order before the close of day. The slip stated to process a sel