6 April 2014
Prohibition and the War on Drugs
Throughout the United States history there have been many questionable
decisions the government has made. Two of the most controversial are prohibition and
1. Identify the main groups and ideas that drove the Progressive
2. In what ways did Progressivism include both democratic and
3. How did Progressives foster the rise of the nation-state?
What is History?
-What the present chooses to remember about the past
-History is NOT: a fixed collection of facts/an unchallengeable group of
-Our understanding of history is constantly changing
-Each generation rewrites history t
Industrialization in the Gilded Age
The gap of wealth between rich and poor during the industrial age raised
questions on the meaning of freedom.
-New business models (corporations) and practices accumulated and consolidated
wealth and power
What role did the federal government play in the settlement and
commercial development of the West?
How did Native American ideas of freedom differ from those of settlers
and government officials in this period?
-The Frontier as
The Populist Revolt
-The People's Party captured a million votes in 1892 Presidential Election and
carried four western states
-First agrarian protest to truly challenge the two-party system
-Decline of the People's Party
-1896 Presidential Election: Peop
The Great Depression
1929 was not a pleasant year for America. This was the year America experienced
the biggest market crash in history, which happened on a day known as Black Tuesday.
Just after a short while, on 1930 came the infamous Great Depression,
Lynching: Extra-legal executions performed by white mobs who commonly
targeted black men accused of raping white female children and women
Ida B. Wells: mounted an international movement to end lynching in 1892
-Born a slave in 1862
Chinese Immigration and Labor
Gold Rush pulls immigrants from Southeast China
-Mostly single male migrants
-Gold mines, railroads, laundries, domestic servants
-low wages and discrimination
-1900: 2/3 of Chinese reside in cities
-More than 10,00
Women and Defense Industry
-Defense jobs provided Mexican American women an opportunity to show their
patriotism and loyalty to the United States while strengthening their selfconfidence and independence
-Employment is defense jobs marked the first time t
Spanish American War
Subjects or Citizens?
-Cuba and Platt Amendment
-U.S. Legal protectorate
-Authorized U.S. military intervention whenever it saw fit
-Permanent Military U.S. Base at Guantanamo Bay
-Puerto Rico and the Foraker Act
-U.S. Insular Territo
Opposition to Reconstruction
-Southern Response to Reconstruction
-Resistance to black equality and social mobility
-Resistance to federal centralization, military occupation, and laws
-Defense of Southern honor (as represented by white women's
Hist 173 2/27/14
Harry Truman takes presidency after Roosevelts death
o Has to decide to use nuclear weapons against Japanese
o Makes decision to bomb Hiroshima and kills 40k the day of the
o Then bombs Nagasaki and kills around 70k people
KEYWORDS FROM WEEKS 10-15 since 1914: feminist, labor, or conservative.
Military- Industrial Complex
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Watts Rebellion of 1965
Definition of Black Power
1. Hull House
Who, what, when, where
It is a settlement house founded by Jane Addams in
Chicago. It was created in devotion to improving the
lives of the immigrant poor. This house had
kindergartens and playgrounds for children; it had
It is a settlement house founded by Jane Addams in Chicago. It was created in devotion to
improving the lives of the immigrant poor. This house had kindergartens and playgrounds for
children; it had established employment bureaus and health cl
History 173- U.S: 1877-Present
Instructor: Trevor Griffey, Trevor.Griffey@csulb.edu
Office Hours: Monday, 9:30-10:30 am, FO2-208
Textbooks approach: U.S struggles over the meaning of Freedom
o National identity and the struggles people have been through (
CSULB History Dept. Writing Center
M-Th, 10-6 pm
Slavery and American Freedom
1. Antebellum U.S (1789-1860) as Slave Society
a. Institution based on presumption that ownership is on other people
b. Racial Ideology define
What was Jim Crow Segregation (1890s-1960s)?
o Disenfranchisement: poll tax, literacy test, criminal records, education
o White primary
o Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)
o Public sites and conveyances
o Ritual lynching and riots
o Whiteness associated with fr
End of Reconstruction
Rise of Social Darwinism
1. Whats at Stake in Reconstruction
a. Political freedom: is there a way that whiteness exists in law?
b. Can cotton plantation system survive end of racial slavery?
c. Can non- racial basis for participation
WAR OR 1898 & THE NEW AMERICAN EMPIRE
Introduction: To Be or Not To Be Imperialist?
Follow European power and grab overseas colonies? Americans thought
taking overseas colonies were unnecessary like Mark Twain because they
were afraid those workers
WWII: HOMEFRONT, THE BOMB, &
I. Introduction: Fighting a Total War
16 mill joined different branches of the armed forces, another 16 million ended
up working in the war plants.
World production = victory (both in Asia and Europe). Conserve
VIETNAM WARS (1945-1975)
Introduction: The "American War"
Americans were killed in the Vietnam War. The only war that the U.S. has lost,
which is ironic because we lose the Vietnam War even though militarily we won the
major battles. We won the battles
JAZZ AGE POLITICS & CULTURE
Introduction: The Repressive & Roaring 1920s
The economys going to boom in the 1920s, going to double.
As the economy roars, corporations are going to consolidate
20s period of big businesses. About 100 corpora
WORLD WAR II: ORIGINS & AMERICAN BEAUTY
Introduction: The Good War?
Viewed as Good War because it got us out of the depression to full
The US is will be out producing the rest of the world.
1960s/ America Moves to the Right (1968-1989)
I. Intro: The Time They Are A-Changin Bob Dylan. Drenched or
youll sink like a stone.
From the Tumultuous 60s to the Reagan Revolution
Set up growing generational gap
II. Social Movements of the 1960s & Beyon
America at Midcentury and Civil Rights Movement
I. Introduction: Cold war at Home: Or From Leave it to Beaver to Good
Times & Beyond
Middle suburban family, ideal America.
No people of colors in the 1950s, no social problems, no political
Chapter 21: Urban American and The Progressive Era
Progressivism (reformers not revolutionaries for social justice and social control)
Anger over industrial capitalism and urban growth
Emphasized social cohesion