Remember: when asked to find the main idea,
be sure to check the opening and summary
sentences of each paragraph.
16. D. The terrible robbers in the pond world are the
cruel creatures that, in the course of the struggle
to exist, devour their fellows.
for to to leave room for.
27. D. Incomplete comparison. Compare stories with
stories, not stories with champion. The
sentence should read: There are probably few
comeback stories as moving as that of cyclings
stalwart champion, Lance Armstrong.
28. A. Uni
Despite signals you that Tiffanys glass
works were unlikely candidates to survive for
several decades. (Contrast Signal)
2. C. A comprehensive or thorough study would not
be missing relevant or important material.
Remember to watch for signal words that l
10. B The second sentence of the passage states that
the jellyfish seems the most primitive of creatures.
The last sentence of the passage, however,
contradicts or denies that assumption.
11. A. The human faculty for myth is the capacity or
ability of peo
Section 4 Writing Skills
1. B. Choice B eliminates the excessive wordiness
of the original sentence without introducing
any errors in diction.
2. A. As used in choice A, the semicolon separating
a pair of clauses is correct. Choices CE introduce
by alluding to material in paragraph 3
and introducing the topic of paragraph 4. It is
the best answer.
Choice D could be a good transition were it
not for the error in subject-verb agreement.
The subject sounds is plural; the verb tells is
they had been told. Therefore, you can eliminate
choices C and E.
Statement III is true. The passage indicates
that the Indians sometimes were disinclined to
speak the whole truth because they feared
reprisals (retaliation) if they did. Therefore,
secretion in line 33.
Choice B is incorrect. The passage states that
the larvae attack one another; they seize and
devour their own breed (lines 5363).
Choice C is incorrect. The passage states that
the larvae are attracted to motion; prey for
them is all
translations of Indian speeches. Thus, he is
impressed by their vividness of imagery.
21. C. Commenting about inadequate interpreters who
turned eloquent Indian speeches into flat
prose, Brown is criticizing the translations for
their pedestrian, unimagin
In general, after t years, she will own
Since = 21:
= (21)t = 2t and 1000 = 1000 2t.
9. B. Since 9 is a solution of x2 a = 0, then
81 a = 0
a = 81. Now solve the equation:
x4 81 = 0
x4 = 81
x2 = 9
x = 3 or 3.
10. C. The mode is
response to the new books he reads. You have
Answer Explanations 79
here a portrait of a youths response to his
expanding intellectual horizons.
Choice A is incorrect. The narrator is not
arguing in favor of a cause; he is recounting
an episode from his l
victims head must stay on; otherwise, the dissolving
interior would leak out. Only choice D
is left. It is the correct answer.
23. D. The author mentions rats because a rat will
attack and devour other rats. He is sure
rodents do this; hes not sure any ot
he says that Mencken mocks God.
Choice A is incorrect. The narrator portrays
Mencken as intrepid (brave); he wonders where
Mencken gets his courage.
Choice B is incorrect. The narrator portrays
Mencken as articulate (verbally expressive); he
In 2 weeks he jogs 84 miles.
2. C. In the figure above, x + y + z = 180.
Also, since y = 60 (180 120) and
z = 50 (180 130), then
x = 180 (50 + 60) = 180 110 = 70.
3. D. After an increase of 75, a tuna fish sandwich
will cost $5.00. The only sandwiches tha
12. D. The reflexive pronoun myself cannot be used
as the object of the verb frightened. Change
myself to me.
13. C. Adjective and adverb confusion. Change his
many attempts bravely to enter to his many
brave attempts to enter.
14. B. Error in parallelism
18601890 worth mentioning because during
those years the greatest concentration of
recorded experience and observation (the
bulk of original accounts) was created.
14. C. Only the white settlers looked on their intrusion
into Indian territory as the openi
by $120, which is 3 times, or 300% of, the
16. B. Johns average speed is calculated by dividing
his total distance of 10 miles by the total time
he spent riding his bicycle. Each tick mark on
the horizontal axis of the graph represents 10
does not take this occasion to denounce or
condemn the white man.
74 Diagnostic Test
Choice B is incorrect. While the author discusses
the various treaty councils, he does not
evaluate or judge their effectiveness.
Choice C is incorrect. The author never
following line 33. Break down the process step
by step. The larva injects a secretion into the
victim. The secretion dissolves the victims
entire inside. That is the start of the digestive
process. It takes place inside the victims body;
in other words, o
clause, fate (singular).
7. D. Choices A, B, C, and E suffer from errors in
the sequence of tenses.
8. E. Error in parallelism. There is a lack of parallel
structure in the other four choices.
9. C. Errors in precision and clarity.
Choice A states the res
been looking when they first saw the whites
headed west), he is asking them metaphorically
to identify with the Indians viewpoint.
24. B. In the sentence immediately preceding the one
in which the phrase equated with appears,
Brown calls the Indians true
need to buy 20 sets of three at 25 cents per
set, a total expenditure of 20 25 = 500 cents.
On sale, you could get 60 pencils by buying
12 sets of five at 29 cents per set, for a total
cost of 12 29 = 348 cents. This is a savings
of 500 348 = 152 cents.
who supposedly revered the ideal of freedom.
Thus, in describing the ideal of freedom
revered by the pioneers as personal freedom
for those who already had it (in other words,
personal freedom for the pioneers, not the
Indians), the author is being ironic
4. B. A lugubrious (exaggeratedly gloomy) manner
may create laughter because it is so inappropriate
in the hilarity (noisy gaiety) of the circus.
The clowns success stems from a contrast.
The missing words must be antonyms or
near-antonyms. You can immedi
12. D. The mood of the book colored or affected the
Remember: when answering a vocabularyincontext question, test each answer choice,
substituting it in the sentence for the word in
13. C. The narrator feels
conjunction, introduces a subordinate
clause, not a main clause. To correct the error,
delete While and begin the sentence Some scientists
30. C. Choice A says that the house is in your car, an
Choice B contains an idea t
thus, are predators (hunters of prey). This suggests
that their presence would be of particular
interest to naturalists studying predatory patterns
at work within a closed environment
such as an aquarium.
19. C. The author is describing how the Dytiscus l
has the smallest slope.
20. E. To earn 10 points, Ellen needed to get 10 correct
answers and then earn no more points on
the remaining q 10 questions. To earn no
points on a set of questions, she had to miss
4 questions (thereby losing 4 = 1 point)
terms, a + b + c must be a factor of 180. This
is the case in choices AD. Only choice E,
6:7:8, fails: 6 + 7 + 8 = 21, which is not a
divisor of 180.
12. B. Add the two equations to get 5x + 5y = 28.
Then x + y = , and the average of x and
13. E. Sin
confused, they seem like assault victims.
Thus, they are often mistaken for victims of
assault. (Cause and Effect Signal)
2. D. Anyone who has produced more than three
hundred books in a single lifetime is an enormously
productive or prolific writer. Writ