HS 200: Environmental Studies
Socio-cultural and Political Issues
Humanities and Social Sciences
Economic Perspectives on Environmental issues: Prof.Conan Mukherjee
Philosophical Perspectives on Environmental issues: Prof.P.R.Bhat
Define Environmental Ethics & Sustainability
What is Ethics?
Relation between religion and environment
Scripture references & environment
How you can make a difference
Founder of Deep Ecology: biospheric
Coined term deep ecology in 1973
Deep ecology now has many, many
adherents in philosophy, science,
political activism and
Deep ecology is deep because
There are enough world resources for everyone's need, but not for everyone's greed."
recommendations most appropriate solutions to the environmental crisis the world is
It is a fact that during Gandhi's time the damages t
Two types of ethical thought were advanced during the modern period.
The first system of ethics (both for individual action and for social policy making) called
utilitarianism, : John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
considered happiness (or pleas
Well, what do you think philosophy is?
It's too abstract. It's also controversial.
Philosophy" derives from the Greek for "love of wisdom", but what's that?
Socrates defined a philosopher as a seeker after wisdom
In the Western Modern Philosoph
Thus, we may see that in Vedic India the message of peace and tolerance was
preached by the rishis to the general public to maintain harmony.
The notion of harmony makes room for other creatures to have certain natural
And the human beings on t
Anthropocentrism vs. Nonanthropocentrism
Adopts a human-centered ideology
Asserts dominance over all other species
Views humans as a unique and superior
Constructs nature as other
Views nature in econom
Man and Nature
P. R. Bhat
Man as Part of Nature
There are material things.
There are living creatures.
Man is one type of living beings.
Man is a part of Nature.
Matter alone is real.
Matter arranged in a certain manner gives rise
Man as Master
P. R. Bhat
This ethical position is man centered position.
The world is for man. (God created the world for
What is there in nature is to be used by man for
Utility is the key word, anything
egalitarianism - the doctrine that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and
The intrinsic value of something is said to be the value that that thing has in itself, or for
its own sake, or as such, or in its own right. Intrinsicism
What are emotions?
A complex pattern of bodily and mental changes that
includes physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive
processes, visible expressions and specific behavioral
reactions to situations perceived as personally significant.
A cognitive process for storing and retrieving
Process of encoding, storage and retrieval
3 distinct processes
Encoding- converting information into a form that
can be entered into memory
Storage- retaining information over va
Scientific Study of the ways in which our
interactions, interdependence and influence
affect ones behavior and thoughts.
Dyads are two person situations
Psychologists focus on one and study how the
thoughts and behavior is affected by
Research methods in Psychology
The research process entails forming an idea and then testing
A theory is an organized set of concepts that explains a
phenomenon or a set of phenomenon.
Core assumption is Determinism i.e. all events, physical,
A relatively permanent change in behavior brought
about by experience or as a result of practice
1. Change in behavior (better/worse)
2. Changes due to practice and experience (not
changes due to growth and maturation)
3. The change should be re
Capacity to understand the world, think rationally,
and use resources efficiently when faced with
Intelligence is a very general mental capability
that, among other things involves the ability to
Introduction to Psychology
scientific quest for understanding
Inquiring about the how, what, when and why of
Understanding the causes and consequences of
behaviors you observe in yourself , in others and in
Understanding oneself entails developing an understanding of ones
Allport- Personality as the dynamic organization within the
individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique
adjustment to his enviro
The driving and pulling forces which result in
persistent behavior towards particular goals.
Process involved in starting, directing &
maintaining our physical & psychological
Cant be observed directly
Inferred from behavior