This text has been adapted from Peter Harveys Introduction to Buddhism.
The history of Buddhism spans almost 2,500 years from its origin in India with Siddhrtha
Gautama1, through its spread to most parts of Asia and, in the twentieth and twen
The assignment is due on your next seminar (March 10-13th depending on the group).
There are two parts to the assignment this week: the first focuses on a general outline of the main political
ideologies and philosophies in the XIX century Europe. The sec
Chapter 2. Confucius and the Confucian Concepts Ren and Li
Troubled by the unrest of the Spring and Autumn period, Confucius (Kongzi) (551479 BCE)
proposed the ethical reform of society. His proposal involved the elimination of the powermongering and expl
This excerpt is taken from The Origins of Political Order by Francis Fukuyama.
The excerpt on transition to agriculture is adapted from When Humans Were Scarce by Robert Wyman.
1. THE STATE OF NATURE [Fukuyama, chapter 2]
In the Western philosophical trad
The assignment is due on your next seminar (September 30 th - October 3rd depending on the
group). All of the listed texts can be found in the home assignment folder on icefinfo.hse.ru.
There is one essential reading this week. It is not long, but vocabul