European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 19, No. 4, 365369
2009. The Author(s)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:/
Memory Lecture 3 Notes
- Three questions:
How rapidly can information be fed into the system?
How much information can be stored?
How rapidly is information lost?
Rate of Learning
Total Time Hypothesis: the amount learned is a si
Memory Lecture 5 Notes
The Experience of Retrieval Failure
- When we know information but cannot retrieve it
presentation of cues can help
seems to rely on the prefrontal cortex
- Memory is not only about encoding the information, it is also a
A Brief Intro to Evolution and Evolutionary Psychology
Why dont we bleed to death when we cut our finger?
What happened to our ancestors who didnt develop blood clotting?
Why dont we die from every infection we get?
What happened to our ancestors who didn
Understanding an Important Distinction
Viewing ANY Behaviour from an Evolutionary Perspective: Differentiating Proximate vs.
Ultimate Causation (Examples)
When given a choice, people will choose to eat riper fruit - why?
Humans tend to
These letters might be hard to memorize?
IAI BMF BIU SAC DCM LAO PPC
But what if they were organized like this?
CIA IBM FBI USA CDC MLA OPP
(IAI BMF BIU SAC DCM LAO PPC)
This demonstrates the principle of chunking.
STM isnt ju
Classical conditioning: A learning procedure whereby a neutral stimulus (e.g. a bell) that is paired
repeatedly with a response-evoking stimulus (e.g. meat powder), will come to evoke that response
Echoic memory: A term sometimes a
Articulatory suppression: A technique for disrupting verbal rehearsal by requiring participants to
continuously repeat a spoken item.
Chunking: The process of combining a number of items into a single chunk typically on the basis of longterm mem
The structure of memory
Traditionally, memory is discussed with sensory, short and long term memory
We can think of the storage device in terms of time, quantity, quality. (in regards to sensory,
long and short term memory)
Short- very br
Memory Study Guide
Example: Clive Wearing
Much of his memory capacity destroyed
densely amnesic- unable to store information for periods longer than seconds.
Remembered some thing buts not others- He could not read a book or follow a television
How can we move beyond introspection?
19th century psychophysics
attempt to systematically map the relationship between physical stimuli (brightness,
loudness) onto their perceived magnitude.
Success in linking physical stimuli to the psychological expe
Memory Lecture 6 Notes
- Autobiographical memory impairments
- No structural brain damage
- Thought to reflect problems with retrieval, not encoding of memories
- Loss of native language, reduced verbal fluency, deficits in personal se
Memory Lecture 4 Notes
Episodic Memory: Endel Tulving
- Events vs. Semantics
- Mental time travel
- Anticipate future events
- Needs a mental filing system
need to distinguish new events from other events
Public Health Nutrition: 13(7), 10031012
Television food advertising and the prevalence of childhood
overweight and obesity: a multicountry comparison
Janny M Goris1,*-, Solveig Petersen2, Emmanuel Stamatakis3 and J Lennert V
Running head: EYEWITNESS TESTIMONIES
Formation of a False Criminal: Eyewitness Testimony
[The abstract should be one paragraph of between 150 and 250 words. It is not indented. Section
Memory Chapter 1 Notes
What is Memory?
- Humans do forget, we do not however often forget important events (example: wedding)
- Schacter (2001) describes what he refers to as the sevens sins of memory (accepts that the sins
are in fact the necessary conse
Memory Lecture 1 Notes
- Midterm and final exam will be made up of multiple choice and short answer - material will
come from both textbook and lecture
- Should eyewitness testimony always be used in a courtroom?
effects of stress
Memory Lecture 2 Notes
Short-term and Working Memory
- Refers to performance on a particular type of task
simple retention of small amounts of information, tested either immediately or after a
- Forms a part of working memor
Memory Lecture 7 Notes
- Simons and Levin (1998)
Design: a stranger asks unwitting participants for directions
after 10-15 seconds, people carrying a door pass in front of the participant, blocking their
34309: Incidental Forgetting
Incidental forgetting: memory failures occurring without the
intention to forget
Motivated forgetting: a broad term encompassing intentional
forgetting as well as forgetting triggered by motiv
- Sensory Memory: a term applied to the brief storage of information within a specific modality
- Iconic Memory: a term applied to the brief storage of visual information
- Working Memory: a memory system that underpins our capacity to "keep things in min
Memory Lecture 8 Notes
Memory in Childhood
- Infantile Amnesia:
few autobiographical memories from below the age of 4 or 5
- Studying infantile amnesia can be difficult, as it is:
Hard to verify memories from childhood
Hard to know wh
Amygdala: An area of the brain close to the hippocampus that is involved in emotional processing.
Cell assembly: A concept proposed by Hebb to account for the physiological basis of long-term learning,
which is assumed to involve the establishme