Loss of electrons
Gain of O
Loss of H (H+ & e)
Increase of the
Gain of electrons
Loss of O
Gain of H (H+ & e)
Decrease of the
1. Oxidation = add
— SPECIAL TOPIC —
and Related Drugs
ome drugs are rather simple amines. Others, including some discussed
in other chapters, are alkaloids (Section 18.7). In this special topic, we
will take a look at some amines and related compounds that aff
1. The price elasticity of demand is 7.4. It would be unwise to raise the price for
the car since it is elastic. There is a big change in percentage demand after a big
change in price due to the car being an elastic demand.
2. (A)Elastic(B) Inelastic (C)
1. In an uncombined state, atoms are rarely found in nature. They are very
reactive as most do not have complete octets in their outer shell, forming
compounds. All matter is made of atoms and the atoms are found within
compounds as compounds combine to f
1. If the economy produces 1,000 education services, the maximum quantity of
consumption goods is 0. The Table shows that the more the economy produces
education services, the least it can produce consumption goods. The opportunity cost of
4. There is no difference in reporting 9 inches versus reporting 9.00 inches. Scientists
report quantities that reflect the precision with each quantity to be certain excluding the
last, which is estimate. 9 is the same as 9.00.
13. Density is mass per un
3. An element is defined as a substance that cannot be broken into simpler
substances through chemical means. 90 elements occur naturally. Technetium
and promethium do not.
12. A: Lithium, Sodium
B: Beryllium, Magnesium
C: Fluorine, Chlorine
1. The following are economic goods:
(A) A textbook for class
(B) An engagement ring if you are about to propose
(C) A home appraisal assuming you are about to buy a home
2. (A) Lowering the price of a good will decrease its scarcity: FALSE
1.Market price are the individuals who are willing to pay the price listed.
Acommand system allows someone in authority to allocate all the
resources. Ademocracy is a majority rule thatallows for voting in order to
make decisions.A contest is a competitio
1. For each of the following, indicate the impact on the equilibrium price and the
a An increase in supply: Increases quantity but decreases price.
b An increase in demand: Increases both price and quantity.
c A decrease in
world calls alcohol is actually ethyl alcohol, or ethanol; since antiq-
uity, alcohol has been used and abused in socially acceptable, mtox-
Adults can buy alcoholic beverages in most grocery stores. What the %
Give the IUPAC names for each of the following molecules.
Draw a condensed structural formula for each of the following alkanes.
Oxidation of alcohols in
Pathophysiology of Diabetes
Mellitus (Type 1, insulindependent diabetes)
Bishop, M., Duben-Engelkirk, J.,
Fody, E. Clinical Chemistry. 4th ed.
Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams &
222 p., 251 p.
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1,
Fatty Acid Formulas
The formulas for fatty acids are written as
condensed and line-bond formulas. For example
caprylic acid with 8 carbon atoms can be written as:
The PCR song
There was a time when to amplify DNA,
You had to grow tons and tons of tiny cells.
Then along came a guy named Dr. Kary Mullis,
Said you can amplify in vitro just as well.
Just mix your template with a buffer and some primers,
Regulation of Transcription
A specific mRNA is synthesized when the cell
requires a particular protein.
In feedback control, the end products speed
up or slow the synthesis of mRNA.
In enzyme induction, high levels of a reactant
induces the transcription
Nervous System Amines
Derived from amino acids
A nerve can be thought of as transmitting a stimulus from
one part of the body to another by means of a moving
wave of ions.
When the wave reaches the end of a neuron, it causes the
The Battle Hymn of the Aerobes
(sung to the tune of the Battle Hymn of the Republic)
Mine eyes have seen the glory of respiratory chains
In every mitochondrion, intrinsic to membranes
Functionally organized in complex subdomains
Where electrons flow along
Pathways for Pyruvate and Glucose;
Metabolism of Ethanol; Citric Acid Cycle;
Energy Production from Glucose Oxidation;
and The Battle Hymn of the Aerobes
Pathways for Pyruvate
Ethanol is not a carbohydrate, nor is it a precursor for the b
Ethylene glycol poisoning is considered a medical emergency. Despite being recognized as a poison
for nearly 50 years, ethylene glycol remains readily available and continues to be fatally ingested.
The most common sources of ethylene glycol are
7. Science and art are similar as they involve creative thinking and observations. They
are also different from each other with how they use their observations and how they
are reviewed. While scientists create realistic solutions and