Notes for Chapter 1
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 1:
The study of geology and the fact that it is not just the study of rocks, but notice
that is it an all encompassing science that includes both physical
Lab 6: Tides and Coastal processes
1. Understand what causes tides.
2. Understand how deep-ocean waves change and break when they reach a coastline.
3. Understand how shoreline transport of sediment occurs and how it is affected by human activities
Chapter 2 Minerals
1. An aggregate of one or more minerals is called a(n) _.
2. List 5 minerals that we commonly encounter in our daily lives: _, _,
_, _, and _.
3. The central region of an atom is known as the _.
4. The name given to e
Chapter 9: How Rock Bends and Breaks
5. What term best describes a bend or a warp in a layered rock?
6. The figure below illustrates what type of fault?
7. _ is the difference between the highest and lowest points in a given area.
Chapter 4: Plate Tectonics
1. The idea proposed by Alfred Wegener to explain the continental shapes and positions is known as _.
2. In the diagram below, which two are the best examples of the puzzle-piece argument?
3. According to Wege
Chapter 6: Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
1. What is the difference between magma and lava?
2. The Hawaiian Islands are composed of what type of volcanoes?
3. According to the figure below, the temperature of oceanic crust does not exceed
Chapter: Chapter 2: Earth Materials
1. The smallest particle that retains all of the chemical properties of an element is called a(n)_.
2. Atoms with the same atomic number but different mass numbers are called_.
3. The smallest chemica
Chapter 12: Oceans, Winds, Waves, and Coastlines
2. The figure below indicates that water on Earth may have come originally from inside the Earth,
through volcanoes, and from _.
8. At a depth of _, wave motion becomes negligible.
3. The figure below shows an example of _.
6. _ is the extremely slow downslope granular flow of regolith.
7. A permanent body of ice, consisting largely of recrystallized snow and showing evidence of movement under the pull of
gravity is known as _.
Chapter 1: The Third Planet
1. The branch of geology that deals with understanding the processes which operate at or beneath the
surface of Earth and the materials on which those processes act is called _.
2. Which branch of ge
Notes for Chapter 4
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 4:
This chapter is extremely important because it explores the theory of Plate Tectonics.
This theory is fairly new and is a unifying theory for the study
Notes for Chapter 6
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 6:
Volcanoes would seem to not be a hazard we have to contend with in Southern California,
unless you see some of the lame movies that have been made like
Notes for Chapter 13
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 13:
Deserts and Drylands
Desert (def) an area that receives less than 10 inches (25 cm) of precipitation per year
Semi-arid (def) an area that receives be
Notes for Chapter 2
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 2:
This chapter introduces the concept of earth materials, including minerals and rocks.
Know and understand the following
Atoms and elements
Notes for Chapter 12
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 12:
The original water that is found in the oceans came from the outgassing of volcanoes and
comets that where common in the early Earth histor
Notes for Chapter 8
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 8:
Clastic mineral fragments and rock fragments
Chemical dissolved material that precipitates from sea or lake waters
Notes for Chapter 7
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 7:
The process of weathering is very important for us humans as it is the first step in the
process of soil formation, which we would not be able to exist
Notes for Chapter 9
I would like for you to concentrate on the following ideas presented in Chapter 9:
Stress force acting on a surface per unit of area, not necessarily equal in all directions
Pressure force acting on a surface per unit
Chapter 11: Water on and Under the Ground
3. Any recently deposited sediment is known as _.
5. Subsurface water contained in pore spaces in regolith and bedrock is known as _.
6. A(n) _ is an area where the water table intersects the surface allowing the