*Large projects involve many activities that must be completed according to a certain
order. Such projects require special scheduling techniques to make it possible to control
Two analytical methods:
1. Critical Path Method (CPM)
Main Objective of the Quality Control Function: is to detect and correct the deviation from the
required quality before it is too late.
1. Check the finished products and rejecting?
2. Finding the error in the final product, prevent the fa
Assembly Systems and Line Balancing
*Discrete products are assembled from components.
The Assembly Process
Definition: assembly involves the joining together of two or more separate parts to form a new entity
(assembly or subassembly).
*The processes used
Facilities Planning and Layout
* After the decision has been made on the type of process to employ for production and after the
required operation sheets and assembly charts have been developed necessary facilities must be
When a product is produced for a market, the demand occurs in the future.
The production planning cannot be accomplished unless the volume of the demand known.
The success of the business in supplying the demand in the most efficient
Material and Inventory Control
The functions of material management are grossly represented in following Figure. The first three
functions may be handled within one department responsible for the entire material system.
Production and Operations Management - POM
POM should teach to understand manufacturing technology and its role in developing business strategy.
When managers do not understand technology, they tend not to invest in emerging technologies. Would
you bet a
Break-Even Analysis (additional)
Step and slope changes in cost lines
Special pricing and cost arrangements can be incorporated in a linear break-even analysis
by allowing discontinuous lines and slopes. Occasionally fixed or variable cost rises or
Production economics is concerned with issues and problems in engineering economy and investment
analysis that are specifically relevant to the production function.
I. Interest Factors and Notations
1. Single Payment Compound Amount F
Material Requirements Planning (MRP)
The demand was assumed to be dictated by the environment that management had to cope with. This
assumption, however, is not true in a manufacturing environment where the demand for elements used in
the final product de
The purchasing of production facilities and employment of work force do not automatically
produce goods and service. The production processes must be specified by each facility and then
the custom orders can be delivered when du
Production Technology& Decision-Making - Selection and Management
Flexible Automation Wave of the Future
The coming thing in manufacturing is the all-purpose factory, one that linked together by
computer and can produce several products on the same assemb
Shop Floor Control (SFC)
I. Shop Floor Control Systems
A. Background to Shop Floor Control Systems
Within batch production systems the lead time or throughput time for a batch through the shop
floor is typically much greater than the processing time.
Group Technology and Flexible Manufacturing Systems
I. Group Technology
II. Process Planning
III. Production Scheduling
Planning Manufacturing Systems
When planning manufacturing systems, the degree of automation that can economicall