Territorial evolution of the US and Canada
Population spatial distribution
Population density: population/area
Dispersion: concentration vs scatter
Pattern: Geometric arrangement (ex linear)
Population composition characteristics of people vari
Wind systems and Storm systems
Microscale -> Synopticscale
Microscale: 2Km and down (Tornadoes)
Mesoscale: Several Hundred Km (Thunderstorms)
Synoptic: 1000 km (monsoons)
Larger systems have longer duration
Land and Sea Breezes
Occur in the tropics e
sir and maam influenced by many people in military
Notion of different ages
Honor verbal deals
Some cities in the south are not giant which attracts people
History white land owners with slav
US and Canada
Characteristics that distinguish landforms from one another and drainage
Elevation vertical distance above/below seas level
Topographic relief differences in elevation within an area
Low relief - flat
High relief - mountains
Rivers of Air: Atmospheric circulation
Unequal heating of Earths surface creates pressure differences, creating air movement
Measuring the wind
Aerovane measures wind direction(w/ a wind vane) and speed (w/ anemometer)
The beaufort wind scale 0
GIS FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE:
1. Three kinds of map projections (cylinders, planes, cones)
Any map projection has 3 variable properties: scale, area, and shape, resulting in 4 types of distortion:
- Scale: the ratio of the size of an object on the map and
GIS EXAM 1 REVIEW |1
1. WHY DO YOU HAVE TO CONNCECT TO A FOLDER IN ArcCatalog (WHAT
DOES THIS DO FOR YOU)? HOW IS THIS DIFFERENT THAN ADDING DATA?
This allows the program to know where your data is, because when you save a
map file (.mxd) it just saved
Earth Sun Geometry
1. What are latitude and longitude? How are they used to describe locations on the earth?
Latitude: N/S coordinates, moves along y axis as horizontal line. (Origin- equator)
Longitude: W/E coordinates, moves along X as a vertical line.
Air Masses and Weather
1. How are air mass characteristics formed and modified?
2. What are the processes that lead to atmospheric lifting?
3. How does orographic lifting lead to rain shadows?
4. What is weather?
Climate and Biomes
1. What is climate?
Denudation and Weathering
1. What is denudation, and what are its main processes?
Denudation- all the processes that lead to wearing away of the landscape.
Primary processes: Weathering, Mass Movement, Erosion, Transportation, & Deposition.
2. What is wea
Broad Koppen Classes
Tropical (A) - no cold season, consistent warm temp.
Sub- factor based on Precipitation patterns
1. Tropical Rainforest (Af) consistently warm, no dry season
BIOME: Tropical Rainforest- wetter climates, diverse plants
2. Tropical M
Relate item (Relational Table/Linked Tables)
A database structured to recognize relations among stored items of information.
4 Types of Linking Relationships
1] 1:1 relate (one to one link, one of fields on one table only
GIS & Database
o Selection from a table (attribute selection)
o Spatial or map based (Select cities within 300 miles of switzerland)
Select state that are contiguous to CA.
Selection which is know as the Universe is the complete number
Star charts were large scale representations.
Large scale - 1/100
Small scale - 1/1000
Scale units have to be the same units on top and bottoms. Some engineers will use
different units on top and bottom.
Is GIS part of the graphical support or
A map should be professional like a resume.
ArcGIS does not have a spell checker.
Maps must be accurate.
Try to experiment with the maps you create, dont use default settings, and
Maps must have content and graphics. It must draw the pe
Created for the creation of electoral districts, to gather demographic information for
Local Planning and programs
Emergency services planning
Helping your community thrive
range of values.
Quantile: distributes a set of values into groups that contain an equal number of
Standard Deviation: finds the mean value, then places class breaks above and
below the mean at intervals of either .25, .5, or 1 standard deviation
5 geographical regions of census (census tract block groups
what is segmentation and tapestry
question about exporting feature classes and shapefiles
layer of 4th
know the definition of PDF
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF ESRI
ALL ON the 4 select functions.
Exam 1 Weight: worth 450 points, plus 50 for map
Diff between data view and layout view:
1 to 1
1 to many
Many to one
Many to many
AutoCAD: What is CAD
FIPS code. What is it
Give 2 or 3 ways to make a shape file
Who is ESRI
What are 3 kinds o
For the first time Census 2000: cover the nation
* Census tracts have been used over the last 10 years to analyze cities
* When you work with cities Census Tracts are the typical polygon you will use
Relatively homogenous populatio
Areas of Dominant Influence (ADIs)
Media areas defined by arbitron, consisting of one or more whole countries
Designated Market Area (DMAs)
media areas defined by ac nielsen consisting of one or more whole countries
Cultural Geography Connections
In the article A Dangerous Cycle in Food Production Written by Beth Gardiner, the
honeybee colonies are collapsing which is resulting in a decrease of agriculture production.
November 24 2015
Cultural Geography Clothing
In our group, we focused on the clothing of cultural geography. We talked about cultural
diffusion, theories of cultural evolution, cultural ecology, pop culture/ folk culture,
Physical Geography Connections
In the article Deadly Heat Is Forecast in Persian Gulf by 2100 by John Schwartz,
measuring temperatures using a wet-bulb thermometer reads that in about 100 year, a severe
heat wave wil
GEOG 1: Physical Geography
This course fulfills the Area B1: Physical Science GE Requirements
Amador Hall (AMD) 552C
Office Phone: 278-7581
1. Pressure difference - The molecules in air generally flow from
areas of higher pressure to areas of lower pressure this flow of air
is what we call wind.
a. Solar Heating - As the sun warms the earths surface, the
atmosphere warms too. Some parts of th
Geography 111, Gervais
Exam 2 study guide
1. Explain why temperature is reduced in coastal areas.
Temperature is reduced near the coastal areas because the time it takes to heat up the
water takes long to heat up land. Theref
Geography 111 Study Guide, Exam 1
1. Whats the difference between spatial and temporal scales?
Spatial has to do with size and distance while temporal is time-related.
2. Whats the difference between large and small scales of geographic inqui