ARA 101 MIDTERM I
Arabic is the language of the Arab people originally from the Arabian Peninsula.
Heritage is anything that is inherited by a group of people from its past ancestors, anything that is
passed on from one generation to another.
(Hadith, Sira and
The Prophet in the Quran
The Prophet had to convey
the divine message but it
was also his duty to act upon
it and to explain it to the
people. Therefore, his actions
THE FOLKLORIC TRADITION
Sirah means life or biography, and the stories that go
by this title recount adventures and achievements of tribal
or national heroes.
Sirah is lacking in high style. Therefore, it is closer to the
popular romance of the mi
In language, hadith can be defined as:
Story, anecdote ,(it could be a short ,often
amusing story about an event , usually
involving a particular person )or narrative or
a description of an event.
Speech of a person
The entire corpus of
DURING THE ABBASID PERIOD
Abu al-Ala al-Maarri
THE ABBASID PERIOD
Virtuosity in prose writing has long been attributed
to two later writers :
THE HISPANO-ARABIC PERIOD
MUSLIM RULE IN SPAIN
Lasted from 711 until 1492.
The Arabs and Berbers invaded and
expelled the Visigoths.(The last group of
the Germanic people who came to invade
ISLAMIC CULTURE AND
Amr bin Bahr
His name: Abu Uthman Amr ibn Bahr al-Kinani
He is known by Al- Jahiz which in Arabic means the goggleeyed
He was born in the Southern Iraqi city of Basra around 776
(The Abbasid period).
Literature in the PreIslamic Period
Islamic concept meaning Days of
Ignorance or Ignorance of Divine
Prior to revelation of the Quran by Prophet
It was a time of some of the finest Arabic
The ABBASID Period
In contrast to the Umayyad period, the Abbasid
caliphate lasted for more than five centuries.
It was the start of a new era in the history of the
Islamic civilization The golden and silver ages of
the Abbasid empire.
Abu at-Tayyib Ahmad alHusayn alMutanabbi
DATE OF BIRTH & CHILHOOD/YOUTH
Born in 915 in Kufah, Iraq.
Father was a water carrier.
Claimed to be a descendant of noble ancient
Spent most childhood and youth among
the -Iraqi Bedouins after the S
ARA 101E: Introduction to Arabic Heritage
Number of credits
3 credit hours
Dr. Usman Ghani
ARA 101 20
Intro. & inviting monarchs to accept Islam
Mecca in 610
Leaders of Quraysh arguing against Islam
The poor and the slaves accept Islam
(Ammar, Sumayya, Yasir, Bilal)
Muslims declaring themselves in MeccaPersecution of Mu
Ara 101 Midterm II
Original meaning: good manners and behaviour
Specialized meaning: literature/various styles of writing prose or verse creatively
Arabic literature is generally divided into 7 periods:
POST MIDTERM II ARA 101
*Not taking history, just philosophy
No developed philosophical studies from the Arabs, more or less imported knowledge [from the
Important for this section:
3) Scholars [Muslim Philosophe
Final Exam Review
Format: 15% 30 mcqs 15% essay questions
MCQs covers everything from language to literature
One essay question, one full page 6%, & 3 short answers 3% each [straightforward points] will focus
on everything after mid II [phil
BIOGRAPHY OF PROPHET
Dr. Gihan El Soukary
Prophet Muhammad (s) was born in 570
CE in Makkah (Bakka, Baca, Mecca ).
His father, Abdullah, died several weeks before his birth in
Yathrib (Medinah) where he went to visit his
Diglossia In Arabic Language
Diglossia in Arabic
. Dr. Gihan El Soukary
lecture : 03
subject : Diglossia In Arabic
Diglossia In Arabic Language
In linguistics , Diglossia means
Two Languages : refers to situation in
which two dialects or languages are
The main vision for this world is based on upholding human rights by
combating abuses of the basic rights worldwide, which people are entitled to by
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Unfortunately, the world is facing
huge obstacles and among the
What is Apple
Apple Inc. is an American corporation that designs and manufactures computer hardware,
software and other consumer electronics. The company is best known for their Macintosh
personal computer line, Mac OS X, extremely loyal user
Topic question for purposeful reading
1. Hadith was not firmly established until the late second/eight and early third/ninth century. Why?
2. Define Hadith.
3. What are the two components of hadith?
4. What is meant by athar?
5. What is the differe
ARABIC LANGUAGE AS A SEMIC LANGUAGE
1. Name some of the Semitic languages.
2. Where does the word Semitic derive from and who
used the term first and when?
3. Who is Ibn Hazm and what did he state regarding
Arabic, Hebrew and Syriac?
4. On what basis did
Arabic Literature- Pre-Islamic
1. What are the two types of pre-Islamic poems and what are the differences between them?
2. Why is it said that the classical Arabic poetry cannot be translated without losing its essential
quality? What is
THE ROLE OF ARABIC IN THE MODRN AGE
1. According to linguists how many types of Arabic
Language are there?
2. What are the differences between classical Arabic,
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) and colloquial
3. When did Arabic become an international
1. Define the Quran.
2. What is meant by Ijaz?
3. How many suras are there in the Quran
4. What is the first sura?
5. How are the suras of the Quran arranged?
6. Describe the style and structure of the first revealed verses?
The Message (from AUS library)
Mustafa Aqqad, the producer, died in Amman Nov. 2005 in a Hotel bombing. Ironically, it is said to have
been arranged by a militant Islamic movement.
Five parts of the movie are available on our l