According to Tita and colleagues (2003), the majority of gangs have three primary t
Exam Two Review Guide
Ch. 4 Explaining Gang Formation
What is the Chicago School?
Who are the different sociologists in the Chicago School & what are they known for?
What did Shaw & McKay find in their mapping study of juvenile court referrals?
CJUS 453 Gangs
Exam Three Review Guide
Ch. 7 National Gang Problem Trends
What conclusions did a series of federal crime commissions reach about street gangs in the United States?
What factors contributed to the increase in gangs in the United States in t
Which of the following is a patterned sequence of behaviors that range from minor to more severe?
Which of the following is an example of minor covert behavior in the convert pathway of Lober and
colleagues (1997, 1999) pathway
Which of the following is NOT one of the myths promoted about gangs?
a. Gangs are key players in firearms trafficking
2. Most gangs do not meet the criteria for organized crime because they are not well _
3. Which of the followi
Why do you think that gang problems are relatively persistent in large cities but not
in small cities, towns, villages, or rural counties? Why might gang activity
disappear in these smaller jurisdictions? Why might gang problems become
This article focuses on a community outside of Portland, Gresham Oregon. Gresham is preparing
for an increase in gang activity that is expected during the summer months once school is out and
the weather is nice. The refreshing thing about this article is
National Gang Problem Trends
1) An Overview of Nationwide Gang Activity in the Modern Era
a) Gang Growth From the 1960s to 1990s
a.i) Early gang formation & growth is unevenly distributed across nation as you will
recall from Chapter 1
a.ii)Three major cr
Prison gangs have many ties to the gangs still on the streets. In which ways are prison
gangs similar to street gangs and in which ways do they differ? How would you explain
the similarities and differences?
Some examples of the differences between street
While larger cities had the highest gang prevalence rates, suburban counties had the
second highest r
Social disorganization theory assumes that strong social relationships can help to prevent
crime. When most community members know and are on good terms with each other, the adult
population has a greater chance of being able to influence the children in
Myths & Realities of Youth Gangs
Gangs are feared in every community whether they are a
significant problem or not. This is due to:
Gangs themselves exaggerate violence to protect themselves &
promote street reputation to scare off threatenin
My personal definition of a gang is quite simple, with only four qualifiers:
1. Any group (3 or more persons)
2. Identifies themselves as a cohesive or organized group
3. Shares common involvement in criminal or disruptive activity
4. The crim
History of Gangs in the United
Gangs were first documented in England
Highway robbers -> youth gangs who mostly fought each other
Distinguished by wearing colored ribbons
First emerged in US on east coast following Revolutionary War