D Pnllr. OM11] Turf. RU
A merchandising business is one that buys and sells goods
in order to make a prot.
Merchandise: The goods that a company buys in order to
resell are known as merchand
Given a standardized normal
distribution (with a mean
of 0 and a standard deviation of 1, as
in Table E.2), what is
the probability that
a. Z is less than 1.57?
b. Z is greater than 1.84?
c. Z is between 1.57 and 1.84?
d. Z is less than 1.57 or greate
Valuing Bonds and Shares
Debt securities are issued when an organisation wishes to
borrow money from the public on a long-term basis.
Bonds are issued by the government.
Debentures are secured and issued by a corporation.
Notes are unsecur
The law of companies
Commercial entities, corporate
Definition and Types of Legal
A legal entity is a specially established organization,
which has completed state registration as provided by
law, owns its own property, bears liability
Binomial, poisson, hypergeometric
5.18 The commission rate commercial airlines pay
travel agents has been declining for several years.
In an attempt by travel agencies to raise revenue,
many agencies are now charging their customers
Financial ratios are relationships determined from
a firms financial information.
Used to compare and investigate relationships
between different pieces of financial information,
either over time or between companies.
Ratios eliminate th
Todays theme is an Introduction to the Commercial
History of the commercial law
Definition and sources of the commercial law
Objects of the commercial law relationships
Subjects of the commercial law relationships
The Time Value of Money
Time Value Terminology
Future value (FV) is the amount an investment is worth after
one or more periods.
Present value (PV) is the current value of one or more future
cash flows from an investment.
Time Value Termin
THE LAW OF INSOLVENCY AND
The law of insolvency and bankruptcy
Institution of proceedings on bankruptcy in the law court
Institution of proceedings on bankruptcy by the enterprise-debtor
without involvement of law court
Consequences of initi
Statistics in practice :
Procter& Gamble company
X = the coconut oil price per pound of
Y = the petroleum raw material price
per pound of fatty alcohol
The key to profitability
Experts were intervie
Customs procedure means any of the
special customs procedures of export, reexport, temporary export, release for free
circulation, re-import, under which goods
and means of transport that are under
the customs control can be
intermediaries in commercial
law, the law of agency
Notion of representation in agreements
Agreement may also be concluded through representative.
Agreement concluded by one person (representative) on behalf of
another person (represen
International Trade Law
What is the World Trade Organization?
Simply put: the World Trade Organization (WTO) deals with the rules of trade
between nations at a global or near-global level. But there is more to it than that.
Is it a bird, is it a plane?
What is Financial Planning?
Formulates the way financial goals are to be
Requires that decisions be made about an
Recall that the goal of the firm is to maximise the
market value of the owners eq
Risk and Return
& The Structure
of Interest Rates
Establish the Importance of Interest Rates
Identify the Factors that Affect Interest Rates
Discuss How Interest Rates Affect Stocks
Compute expected return on a single asset
Compute risk of a single asset
The Pinnacle Corporation manufactures golf balls, clubs, and accessories like
golf gloves, bags, shirts, and shoes. In an industry where image is quite impor-
tant, the Pinnacle label is synonymous with excellence. Pinnacle was the first
1. Parker Products manufactures a variety of household products. The company is considering
proposed product. (Note: You may or may not need to us
Instructor: George Simongulashvili
Define what a financial security is.
Identify the differences between a debt
security and an equity security
Define different types of debt securities
Describe a shareholders
Please, provide detailed solution for given assignments. Any case of cheating will be graded by
grade 0. The time given for completion of quiz is 2 hours.
1. (5%) Given the following information, determine which beta
subject: Fin 303
10:00 am 1:00 pm
Class Location: B 106
FIN 303 - MANAGERIAL FINANCE
Billion—dollar apparel companies such as Calvin Klein and Liz Claiborne are
unusual in the garment industry, which consists primarily of much smaller
apparel makers. One such firm is Holly Fashions (HF), located in Cherry Hill,
New Jersey. HF was s