(4) Parliament shall enact legislation to give full effect to this Part,
and any such legislation may restructure the Commission into two or
more separate commissions.
(5) If Parliament enacts legislation restructuring the Commission
under clause (4)
39. (1) Every person has the right to freedom of movement.
(2) Every person has the right to leave Kenya.
(3) Every citizen has the right to enter, remain in and reside
anywhere in Kenya.
40. (1) Subject to Article 65, every person has the rig
or stood for election as
(i) a member of Parliament or of a county assembly; or
(ii) a member of the governing body of a political party; or
(b) holds any State offce.
(3) A member of the Commission shall not hold another public
(4) The Commission
has been changed between the time that the offence was
committed and the time of sentencing; and
(q) if convicted, to appeal to, or apply for review by, a higher
court as prescribed by law.
(3) If this Article requires information to be given to a person,
(a) is an adult citizen;
(b) is not declared to be of unsound mind; and
(c) has not been convicted of an election offence during the
preceding fve years.
(2) A citizen who qualifes for registration as a voter shall be
registered at only one registration c
(c) any legislation enacted, or other action taken, in consequence
of a declaration of a state of emergency.
(6) Any legislation enacted in consequence of a declaration of a
state of emergency
(a) may limit a right or fundamental freedom in the Bill of
(b) to access educational institutions and facilities for persons
with disabilities that are integrated into society to the extent
compatible with the interests of the person;
(c) to reasonable access to all places, public transport and
(d) land that is
(i) lawfully held, managed or used by specifc communities
as community forests, grazing areas or shrines;
(ii) ancestral lands and lands traditionally occupied by
hunter-gatherer communities; or
(iii) lawfully held as trust land by the co
(i) honesty in the execution of public duties; and
(ii) the declaration of any personal interest that may conict
with public duties;
(d) accountability to the public for decisions and actions; and
(e) discipline and commitment in service to the people.
(4) A child found in Kenya who is, or appears to be, less than
eight years of age, and whose nationality and parents are not known, is
presumed to be a citizen by birth.
(5) A person who is a Kenyan citizen by birth and who, on the
(c) to form and join a federation.
(5) Every trade union, employers organisation and employer has
the right to engage in collective bargaining.
42. Every person has the right to a clean and healthy environment,
which includes the right
Part 2environment and natural resources
69. (1) The State shall
(a) ensure sustainable exploitation, utilisation, management and
conservation of the environment and natural resources, and
ensure the equitable sharing of the accruing benefts;
(b) work to a
specially protected areas;
(h) all roads and thoroughfares provided for by an Act of
(i) all rivers, lakes and other water bodies as defned by an Act
(j) the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and the sea
(4) Parliament may enact legislation to make further provision
for the operation of this Article.
66. (1) The State may regulate the use of any land, or any interest
in or right over any land, in the interest of defence, public safety, public
46 Constitution of Kenya [Rev. 2010
programme for the registration of title in land throughout
(d) to conduct research related to land and the use of natural
resources, and make recommendations to appropriate
(e) to initiate investigat
necessary modifcations, to public offcers; and
(d) making any other provision necessary for ensuring the
promotion of the principles of leadership and integrity
mentioned in this Chapter, and the enforcement of this
CHAPTER SEVENREPRESENTATION OF
32 Constitution of Kenya [Rev. 2010
and protection of the State.
(2) Every adult has the right to marry a person of the opposite
sex, based on the free consent of the parties.
(3) Parties to a marriage are entitled to
provided for in Article 97 (1) (a).
(2) The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission shall
review the names and boundaries of constituencies at intervals of not
less than eight years, and not more than twelve years, but any review
shall be complete
the relevant offce; and
Oath of offce of
Conduct of State
50 Constitution of Kenya [Rev. 2010
(b) may, in accordance with the disciplinary procedure referred
to in paragraph (a), be dismissed or otherwise removed from
freedom, and the nature and extent of the limitation;
(b) shall not be construed as limiting the right or fundmental
freedom unless the provision is clear and specifc about the
right or freedom to be limited and the nature and extent of
the limitation; an
and Equality Commission.
(2) The functions of the Commission are
(a) to promote respect for human rights and develop a culture
of human rights in the Republic;
(b) to promote gender equality and equity generally and to
coordinate and facilitate gender mai
(a) prospectively; and
(b) for not longer than fourteen days from the date of the
declaration, unless the National Assembly resolves to extend
(3) The National Assembly may extend a declaration of a state
(a) by resolution ad
Rev. 2010] Constitution of Kenya 41
(g) to act as the principal organ of the State in ensuring
compliance with obligations under treaties and conventions
relating to human rights;
(h) to investigate any conduct in sta
(e) the settlement of electoral disputes, including disputes
relating to or arising from nominations but excluding
election petitions and disputes subsequent to the declaration
of election results;
(f) the registration of candidates for election;
(5) The State shall support, promote and protect the intellectual
property rights of the people of Kenya.
(6) The rights under this Article do not extend to any property
that has been found to have been unlawfully acquired.
41. (1) Every person has the ri
before a court or, if appropriate, another independent and impartial
tribunal or body.
(2) Every accused person has the right to a fair trial, which
includes the right
(a) to be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved;
(b) to be informed of the cha
(b) community of interest, historical, economic and cultural
(c) means of communication.
(6) The number of inhabitants of a constituency or ward may
be greater or lesser than the population quota by a margin of not more
(a) forty per cent f
(d) to clean and safe water in adequate quantities;
(e) to social security; and
(f) to education.
(2) A person shall not be denied emergency medical treatment.
(3) The State shall provide appropriate social security to persons
(iv) promotes public confidence in the integrity of the
to natural resources.
to the environment.
Rev. 2010] Constitution of Kenya 49
(b) vests in the State offcer the
54 Constitution of Kenya [Rev. 2010
(d) appropriate structures and mechanisms to eliminate electoral
malpractice are put in place, including the safekeeping of
87. (1) Parliament shall enact legislation to establish mechanisms
Reaction PaperFiction: Short Story
The Short Story that I read was of "Araby" by James Joyce. The main character is a
young boy who confuses obsession with love. This boy thinks he is in love with his friends
sister, but all of his thoughts, ideas, and ac
Running head: SOCIAL MEDIA AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
Social media in interpersonal relationships
SOCIAL MEDIA AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
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Deontological morals or deontology is the regulating of the moral of a position that judges the
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Enlightenment referred to the European intellectual development of the late seventeenth and
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as opposed to tradition. It was intensely affected by seventeenth cen