Deviance and crime
You need to distinguish between deviant behaviour and criminal behaviour.
Crime consists of behaviour that breaks the law (e.g. murder, theft)
Deviancy consists of behaviour that differs from the nor
Crime and society
You need to know about the causes and impact of criminal behaviour. For example, people may
commit crime for several reasons;
Criminals have not been taught the difference between right and wrong. This argument is
Population and change
You need to distinguish between urbanisation and de-urbanisation.
Urbanisation occurs when people move into the cities. In recent years a growing number of
young professionals have moved into fashionable city apartments.
Population distribution and structure
Demography is the study of population and population change. The most common method of
researching demography consists of taking a census. In the UK, a census is taken every 10
years. The next census is due in 2011, a
You need to know the various influences upon voting behaviour, and their impact. They include;
The area of the country a person lives in, etc.
More likely to be w
The meaning of work
Work is either paid or unpaid. Paid work is what most people associate with the term work.
Unpaid work includes housework and schoolwork.
Most people in full-time employment work 5 days a week, although there has been an increase
Technological and organisational change
You need to distinguish between mechanisation, automation and computerisation;
Mechanisation consists of replacing workers with machines. This is more common within the
manufacturing sector (e.g. car-making).
Sociological approaches to criminal and deviant behaviour
Sub-cultural theory suggests that certain groups within society form their own distinct subculture
that differs from the rest of society. As part of the process of socialisation, certain forms of