At some point in the course of chronic illness individuals experiences powerlessness
The inability to affect an outcome, the inability to have agency in ones own life
Occurs when an individual is controlled by the environment r
Cognitive Strategies to Deal With Uncertainty
Reduces uncertainty and facilities understanding of the chronic disease.
Education is an effective tool to promote a sense of control and manage
Adds to patient and family knowledge re
Quality of Life
Experiences and unique circumstances shape QOL
Subjective and objective
Overall sense of well-being anchored in social and economic conditions, living
arrangements, community environment, culture, personal values, happiness, life
Main presenting issue?
Family cardiac history
Personal habits: smoker, alcohol, substance use
Chest pain? PQRST
Self-Care and Self-Care Management
To comply or adhere to prescribed medical treatments for chronic illnesses
To have a personal belief that one is capable of following disease treatment regiments
To have the functional abilities to ca
In chronic illness uncertainty is a cognitive stressor marked by a loss of control and
Nature of Uncertainty
It is experienced by those with chronic illness who may fear rejection and social
isolation, some may be concerned w
Fundamental part of a full and healthy life that is central to human self-concept, selfesteem and body image.
Sexuality does not end when one reaches a certain age, and it does not end with the
diagnosis if a chronic illness.
Chronic illness, se
By: Jen Chamberlain
CanCOLD (2013). All about Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Retrieved from:
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (2013). What is COPD? Retrieved from: