Preserving Crop Diversity: insurance against failure
preserving native variants protects
monocultures are vulnerable, so wild relatives contain genes that could
provide resistance to disease and pests
-we have already lost a great
March 16, 2017
Female Mummy - 950 - 710 BCE
3D Printed Body Parts - 2016
The application of engineering & genetics towards the development of biological substitutes
to restore, maintain, or imp
March 23, 2017
Made up of double helix molecule - DNA
DNA is comprised of
Nitrogen containing molecule
Nitrogen Molecule - Bases
C - cytosine
G - guanine
T - thymine
April 4, 2017
What is Cloning?
History of Cloning
-Hans Driesch 1890s
-Isolated Sea Urchin Embryo Cells
-grew to Sea Urchins
-Hans Spemann (1938)
-4 main types of cloning
April 16, 2017
All the lectures since the midterm
Food Additives onwards
Rieder & Hawcutt (2016)
Park et al (2016)
Mandrycky et al (2016)
100 Multiple choice
Final Info Page 1
Science & Society Exam Review
Anthropogenic: caused or produced by humans.
DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane): A colourless, crystalline, tasteless and almost odorless
organochlorine known for its insecticidal properties and environmental i
Science & Society Sample Test
Meta Research: a quantitative statistical analysis of several separate but similar
experiments or studies in order to test the pooled data for statistical significance
Commentary: Commentary is someone's opinion,
Environmental Cost of Technology (3)
UNEP Minimata Convention on Mercury
Opened for Signatures in October 2013
o Signed by 128 countries
o Requires best available control technology for fired power plants.
o Mercury mining to be banned in 15 years
SCIE 1P51 Midterm
What is Science?
# Comes from the latin words Scientia Knowledge
o And scire to know.
# Process to verify the reliability of Knowledge
# A technique for testing ideas with observations
o The universe works
January 10, 2017
What is science?
The word Science comes from the Latin words Scientia
Science is a process for helping us verify the reliability of knowledge
Not just a body of knowledge
Requires collection of data
February 28, 2017
Food Addictive Seminar
Find two Labels (paper of online product)
Look on Sakai for Hand in Format
Identify addictive, Function, Status in one label fully
Set up Tables
Short paragraphs on similarities and dif
Drug Testing & Protocols
February 7, 2017
Testing of Pharmaceuticals
Using human subjects
"Cured yesterday of my disease, I died last night of my physician"
-Mattew Prior, The Remedy worse than the disease
First "Clinical Trials"
(1716 - 179
January 24, 2017
Link between cancer & smoking
Until the 1850s tobacco was:
Smoked - Pipes
Sniffed - snuff
Chewed - avoid fire
Virginia produced "flue cured" tobacco - "yellow tobacco"
January 17, 2017
2016 - McMaster Uni Dr. Anna Duggan
A mummy found in a Lithuanian crypt where researches extracted DNA from a small
child dated to 1654
Alexander Haddow - 1947
Researching Yellow Fever
Term Paper: Due: 07 March 2017
February 14, 2017
25% of final grade
Will be graded out of 25
Who are the researchers and where do they work?
Name up to 4 researchers and identify corresponding author (2marks)
What is/are the research question
January 26, 2016
ARTICLE CHOICE FOR TERM PAPER
-pick area of interest among the topics covered in the course
-must have science research focus no social sciences or psychology papers
-peer reviewed the peer review process keeps low-quality and in
James Phipps is later variolated with smallpox - he does not develop the disease
Jenner & Small
Jenner followed with inoculating other with cowpox. As the source of his inoculation was from a
cow he called the process vaccination.
Vacca = cow in latin
Origins of Science
Writing - Cuneiform Tablets with Astronomical Observations ~ 4,000 BCE
Tablets with beer recipes
Greece ~ 500/600 BC
Science & Philosophy
Love of wisdom
Looking for explanations
Looking for origins of phenomena
Oct, 1, 2014
Reserves known quantities of material that can be economically revered from
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
April 20, 2010, well head blow out explosion occurred killing 11 wokrers and
injuring 17 others
Contaminant Levels in Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish after the Deepwater
Horizon Oil Spill As Measured by a Fishermen-Led Testing Program
Timothy P. Fitzgerald*, and Julia M. Gohlke
Oceans Program, Environmental Defense Fund, 1875 Conne
Sept, 10, 2014
Using goods and services for our needs.
Eliminate consumption overpopulation.
Sustainability and the future of our world.
Human pop growth exacerbates all envi problems
Our consumption of resources has risen even
Sept, 5, 2014
Introductions to the Environment
The envi absorbs our wastes.
Provides climate stability.
Protects us form ultraviolet radiation.
In cities we tend to think of the envi as a collection of commodities we obtain from
Sept, 22, 2014
The fraction of the contacted dose that is transferred from the site of contact (or
administration) into the general circulation or tissues.
In soil and/or water, b/c of sorption of contaminants to particulate matter, not
Sept, 15, 2015
The water footprint of a product (a commodity, good or service) is the total volume
of freshwater used to produce the product, summed over the various steps of the
production chain. The water footprint of a product refers n
Sept, 29t, 2014
Attribution to Methyl Mercury
1959 Mercury from the Chisso plant labelled the culprit findings published.
Dumping continued until 1968
1760 victims have been verified.
3000 more await verification of whom 412 have already died.
Envi Health Risks
Envi Health Hazards
We are exposed to many chemicals.
Study of toxicants
Mechanisms of toxicity
Prevent toxic effects
Adverse effect that occurs wi
Sept, 17, 2014
Environment new link on Sakai for ideas
Major Topics of the course
Original Research has to be an experiment
Must have an environmental slant
Article start date Jan 14 to present
ages is fine
Library ask at refe
Sept, 26, 2014
Endocrine Disrupters and human
Increasing rates of:
Found in hard plastic, epoxy resins, stain/mould resistant coating, food packaging
and can linings, etc
Sept, 8, 2014
Pop, Consumption, & Envi impact.
Paul Ehrlich & John Holdren
Paul Ehrlich wrote the book known as Population bomb
Made a formula:
I: Envi impact
A: Affluence per person
T: Technology used
What is an envi problem?
Relationship between atmospheric pollution in the residential area and concentrations of
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in human breast milk
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are hydrocarbo