Brock University
Physics Department
St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2S 3A1
Phys 2P31: Electronics I
Laboratory Manual
E. Sternin and P.Boseglav
c Brock University, 20122013
Copyright
Contents
Lab books, reports and marking . . . . . .
Virtual circuits i
Appendix A
Breadboards
Breadboards permit quick solderless connections between the components of an electronic circuit. As
indicated in the diagram, the holes of the breadboard are split into parallel sets of five (5). Within each
hole is a metal clip to
Appendix C
Lissajous patterns and phase shift
Switch the scope display to XYmode to observe the Lissajous pattern as shown in the figure below.
Be sure to note the sensitivity setting of each input in your measurement. The amplitude values should be
recor
Experiment 6
Time and frequency response of RC and
RCL circuits
The measurement of transients using an oscilloscope is applied to different RC and RCL circuits.
In addition to the timedomain (transient) measurements, the frequencydomain measurements
can
Preface
Introduction
Mastering Electronics is not an easy task. While many concepts are straightforward, their application to a
realworld device are often nontrivial. Part of the difficulty is that in addition to new concepts one often
has to learn new
Appendix B
Resistor Colour Codes
Colour
First Band
Second Band
Third Band
Fourth Band
Black
0
0
100
Brown
1
1
101
Red
2
2
102
Orange
3
3
103
Yellow
4
4
104
Green
5
5
105
Blue
6
6
106
Violet
7
7
107
Gray
8
8
108
White
9
9
109
Gold


101
5% tolerance
Silv
BASIC RULES FOR UNCERTAINTY CALCULATIONS
Types of uncertainties:
1) An Absolute Uncertainty is denoted by the symbol and has the same units as the
quantity.
2) A Relative or Percent Uncertainty is denoted by the symbol and has no units.
To convert back an
Week 5Lab
There are two kinds of mfiles in Matlab
1) Script file
2) Function file
Example 1
The sum of square of c
Example 2 for two vatiables
Example of quadratic formula
HW1
With error
With error fraction
Final answer
HW2
Week 4: answers of the handout
1) Question 1) We choose to hide the iterations
Answer quiz (question 4)
Question 2 of the handout (display all the iterations on the table,
Combine question 1 and 2 ( make a table)
Question 3
1/
Answer quiz 1 (table)
Question 2
in general
Rolling a die
Bisection
method 1
BM2
BM adding stopping crieteria
BM addig tolerance and stopping crieteria
Table of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Background and theory
3. Equipment and protocol
4. Experiment Procedure, Measurement and analysis
5. Conclusion
1. Introduction:
The Doppler Effect is the change in frequency of a same wave between the measurement at
Numerical Methods Lab#1
Homework#1
_
Numerical Methods Lab#1
Dr. Amal Amleh
Done by: Asmaa Khounat
22/2/2017
Numerical Methods Lab#1
Question 1)
This script does not show all the iterations. It hides all the previous iterations.
%exercise1
tol=1e6;
N=40;
422 CHAPTER 5 NONLINEAR SYSTEMS
EXERCISES FOR SECTION 5.1
1. The Iinearizations of systems (i) and (iii) are both
so these two systems have the same local picture" near (0, 0). This system has eigenvalues 2 and
1; hence, (0, O) is a saddle for these syst
Lesson 30: Diffraction & Interference
The wave model of light eventually replaced Newton's particle theory.
This did not happen overnight, and it certainly wasn't the work of one person.
Three specific concepts became the best evidence of a wave model o
Lesson 23: Models of Electromagnetic Radiation
Scientists spend a lot of time coming up with, refining, and sometimes disproving models of natural
phenomena.
Light is a great example of just how much competing models can divide the scientific
community,
Lesson 40: Conservation of Energy
A large number of questions you will do involve the total mechanical energy.
As pointed out earlier, the mechanical energy is just the total of all types of energy.
In many questions you will just have to concern yoursel
Lesson 33: Horizontal & Vertical Circular Problems
There are a wide variety of questions that you do if you apply your knowledge of circular motion
correctly.
The tough part is figuring out how to set them up.
You need to figure out two things at the st
Lesson 29: Lenses
Remembering the basics of mirrors puts you half ways towards fully understanding lenses as well. The
same sort of rules apply, just with a few modifications.
Keep in mind that for an object to be considered a lens it must be made of a tr
Lesson 42: Inside the Nucleus
Nuclear physics gets its name from the fact that we are concerned with only the nucleus of the atom.
Chemistry needs to pay attention to the electrons of the atom, since electrons determine how the
chemical bonds form.
Nucl
Tuesday, September 27, 2016
8:39 AM
Questions from Homework/Lab
Kinematics Review from Grade 10
assign
Return Quizzes and homework  go over
Get out your lab:
slope calculation with a triangle on the graph
consistent scale
equation where all terms in y=mx
Lesson 33: Photoelectric Effect
Hertz Experiment
Heinrich Hertz was doing experiments in 1887 to test some of Maxwell's theories of EMR.
One of the experiments involved using a coil of wire as a receiver to detect EMR produced by a
separate device.
This
Friday, September 16, 2016
9:54 AM
Percent error of the lab
1 D kinematics review
hand out textbooks and labbooks
hand back assignments
x  axis put the independent variable  the one you
change eg. mass or Amplitude
T vs A implies T on yaxis and A on x
Lesson 40: Bohr's Model
While Rutherford was working in his lab at the University of Manchester trying
to figure out atoms, he had a person named Niels Bohr working for him.
Previously Bohr had worked for J.J. Thomson.
Bohr showed that he was a better t
Tuesday, September 20, 2016
9:49 AM
Go over kinematics problems
assign some more, study for quiz
intro to vectors and scalars
p3940 q 33,41,43,44,46,57
sept 20 more kinematics Page 1
p37
Questions
1 speed  doesn't give the direction
speedometer and comp
Lesson 27: Refraction
Refraction is when waves change the direction they are traveling when they go
from one medium to another.
Have you ever looked at something like a pencil or pen sitting in a cup
of water? It probably looked something like Illustratio
Q10 p61
Wednesday, September 28, 2016
10:16 AM
Q17
Lab  not formal  no report
sept 28 3 forces lab Page 1
Lab  not formal  no report
Hand in:
1. Free body diagram of the 3 forces.
2. Convert the free body diagram into a vector addition
diagram.
Draw F
Friday, September 16, 2016
8:38 AM
Look at Lab results
Graphing with uncertainties linear nonlinear
uncertainties worksheet
Hand out Hecht textbooks
density = m/V
= 21.94 g +/ 0.01g /(5.08+/ 0.03cm x 1.25 +/ 0.05cm
x 1.29 +/ 0.01cm)
2.67839 +/ (0.0