Biology Final Notes
Proto-Oncogene normal regulatory genes that promote cell growth, differentiation, division, or adhesion
(proto means first, onco means mass/bulk, essentially tumour)
Oncogene mutated or damaged proto-oncogenes that contribute to
Cancer Nov 6th, 2013
-Cells behaving badly
Major questions to be addressed:
1. What is cancer?
2. How does cancer develop?
3. What is the genetic basis for cancer?
4. What is meant by the term predisposition to cancer
5. Can cancer be prevented?
February 03rd /2014
What does it mean to be human in the natural world?
What do we share and what makes us different?
What are the hallmarks of human evolution?
How do we assess evolutionary relationships?
What is evolution?
Most diverse molecules in living organisms.
Makes up more than 50% of the dry mass of cells.
DNA exists solely to code for proteins.
A codon (group of 3 base pairs) codes for a specific amino acid.
A series of amino acids bond together to fo
Study guide for Biol 1P91 (2017).
An effective way to study is to use the lecture notes and any additional notes you made to yourself while
in lecture as a guide to help you know which parts of your textbook to study in more detail. The lecture
BIOL 2P98 2017FW Laboratory 2
Physical and Chemical Agents for the Control of Microbial Growth
(Dano, J., 2012; modified by Carpenter-Cleland, C., 2017)
Please, also read Appendix F on Units & Dilutions as well, before completing your Lab 3
Laboratory Report 3
Cnidaria Ctenophora and Platyhelminthes
Assignment 1 Label each of the following structures and state the function of each:
Assignment 2 and 3
Compare and contrast the specimens
Jesus Raul Dorantes Cavazos
Student Id: 5735295
Lab section: 12
Lab Report 1
Exercise 1 (5 marks) and Exercise 2 (5 marks) will be graded by Chris and added to the
Exercise 3: (15 marks)
3A. Examine the two figures on display and using t
+, -, or broad)
Mechanism of Action
of ciprofloxacin with
bacterial DNA gyrase
BIOL 2P98 2017FW Lab 1 Report
Lab Report 1
Exercise 1 (5 marks) and Exercise 2 (5 marks) will be graded by Chris and added to the assignment grade.
Exercise 3: (15 marks)
3A. Examine the two figures on display and using the terms in Photographic Atlas for
Table 2.1 The spectrum and mode of action of antibiotics and the organism it effects.
Spectrum Mechanism of Action
Classification (gram +, -,
The purpose of this experiment is to determine the morphological and
biochemical characteristics along with the growth requirements of the
halophiles Archaeans. The three halophiles Achaeans being tested
are Halobacterium salinarum, Haloferax vol
Chapter 24: Taxonomy and Systematics
State the three domains of life.
Describe what homologous traits are.
Similar by virtue of descent
Understand what a phylogeny represents.
An hypothesis of evolutionary realtions
Experiment #4: Enzyme Kinetics: -Galactosidase
Student Name: Grace Edmands
Lab Section: 24
Date Performed: November 9th, 2015
Lab Partners: Katrina Wells, Kaitlyn Wood, Faduma Awale
The speed or rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction is a
February 7th 2017
Article 1: Astn2, A Novel Member of the Astrotactin Gene Family, Regulates the Trafficking of
ASTN1 During Glial-Guided Neuronal Migration
1. What is the difference between the neuronal protein astrotactin (ASTN1) and
BIOL 4P34: Neural Networks and Behaviour
G.E. Spencer (Instructor)
Important signaling functions of the brain include the processing of sensory information and the
programming of behavioural responses (e.g. motor), as well as modification o
Mini Lecture Evaluation: Locust Flight
Manda Grasic & Alysha Johnson
Delivery & Organization
Overall the presentation was well done, it helped with my understanding and covered the
behaviour processes as well as the interneurons and motor neuro
January 31st 2017
Article: Neural Progenitors Adopt Specific Identities by Directly Repressing All Alternative
Progenitor Transcriptional Programs
1. In the ventral half of the neural tube in vertebrates, the sonic hedgehog signaling
Other rhythmogenic ion currents
Ican: Calcium activated nonselective current
When there is activity in the cell there will be ion influx that activates this current and
helps sustain the cell
Due to Ca-dependent inactivation of outward curren
January 24th 2017
Article 1: Cell Stem Cell- Zika Virus Infects Human Cortical Neural Progenitors
and Attenuates Their Growth
1. Is getting infected by the Zika virus more dangerous during the first trimester or later on
Mechanotransuction and proprioreception
How does each cell differentiate different stimuli (smell, taste.)?
GPCRs= metabotropic receptors with down stream effectors - slower than ionotropic
receptors (ligand gated ion channels) which bind a ligand and cau
Peripheral multidendritic sensory neurons are necessary for rhythmic locomotion behaviour
in Drosophila larvae
1. In this study the authors find that Multiple dendritic sensory neurons of the Drosophila
larval peripheral nerv
CHAPTER 39 LECTURE SLIDES- Nutrition, Digestion, and Absorption
List the four phases in the process of food use by animals (39.1).
Name the major classes of nutrients in animals, state their functional importance, and
identify their di
Ubiquinone Co Q 10
Electron Transport Chain
Uncoupling ETC and Chemiosmosis
Used by hibernating animals, some birds
This means that the H pumped out by the ETC
DOES NOT flow back in thru. ATP synthase
ATP IS NOT MADE, Thermal E i
The sen1' permeable membrane is ONLY permeable to the
Osmosis: the movement of water across a semi-permeable
membrane from an area of high oonoentration to low.
(Water moves from the side with a lower concentratio