Steps of the Scientific Method: Observe a phenomenon, formulate a
hypothesis (a testable prediction), collect data through systematic and
planned observations to avoid bias, evaluate whether the data is consistent
with the hypothesis. If the data
Issues to consider when measuring behaviour
Reliability: Consistency of results when measurement is done under similar
conditions. (Cross time, cross situations, cross observers). Ex. Assessment of
career path. Should be able to do the study at d
Case Studies: An individual who is unique in some waystudy this person in detail.
Useful as a starting point, study rare phenomena.
E.g., H.Mhad a bicycle accident when he was 9, started having severe seizures. At the age o
Psychology is a scientific study of mental processes and behaviour amongst
animals and humans. Goals include:
1. To understand the relationship between mental processes and
2. To make predictions about mental processes and behaviour.
Population: Entire set of individuals that are of interest to the researcher.
Target: Target all Canadian universities is too broadthis is what we
want to generalize our results to.
Accessible: Instead of targeting all Canadian universitiesfocu
Step 2: Properties of a good hypothesis are repeatable, logical (connected
to research studies or theories in the area), testable/refutable/falsifiable
(hypothesis can be proven false, what do you expect if you are wrong?).
CONFUSION: textbook us
Sensitivity of Measurement: Can the measure detect differences?
Ceiling effect: most scores are at the HIGH end. If the goal of your study is to
see an increase, it will be hard to see if there is one since all scores are
already at the high end.
Reading a Journal Article: Primary Source
Abstract- summary of the article.
Introduction- tells you what the question of interest is whats the problem
that needs to be solved? Summarized all the research that has been done in
the past. What has b