By Rule Function
Legislative, executive and juridicial
Each section reigns supreme in certain areas
No single source of supreme authority
Defence, order, social reproduction, wealth redistribution, infrastructure
Liberalism Chapter 7
Economic: Concept that a government should not try to control prices, rents,
and/or wages but instead let open competition and forces of demand and
supply create an equilibrium between them that benefits the clear majority of
Chapter 8 Contemporary Mainstream approaches: neo-realism and neo-liberalism
The neo-realism and neo-liberalism has been a major focus in international relations
theory scholarship in USA for the last 13 to 20 years
Neo- realism refers to Waltzs theory wh
Political Science 110- Exam Review
Chapter 1: Classical Liberalism
- Belief in the limiting the role of government
- Freedom is not diluted, individual freedom
- The rule of law, constitutionalism, and representative government
- Established as a result o
Introduction to Politics
1) Monadic definition.
From the simple, definitional point of view.
Focusing on one primary element as politics as a phenomenon.
2) Politics is about.
A social process ~ way in which society
POLS 110 Lecture 8 Notes
Who are the Power Elite?
- Extremely close ties of political, economic, and military sectors
- Proximity heightened by new technologies
- The metropolitan 400
- Celebs entertainers/media personalities
- CEOs of most important comp
POLS 110 Lecture #3 Notes
* THE CLASSES NEXT WEEK* No Tuesday classes this week*
For Writing Assignment
- Make sure you have read and understand everything well
- Argument essay style of writing for response
- You can continue to modify the assignment unt
POLS110 Lecture Notes 2
* Homework posted on Monday on Moodle, and submitted on Moodle Friday at
5pm Starting next week*
RECAP: What is Political?
- What we hold in a common concern in a group or community
- Planetary: the root of the word polis
POLS110 Lecture Notes 5
Review - What is happening to the state?
- Challenges to sovereignty (inside and out)
- Declining power in relation to larger political and economic systems?
- Effect of globalization makes it harder to regulate translational corpo
- No tutorials this week
- Ideologies that shape peoples decisions and opinions
- * make sure you understand the material before the tutorial and have
thoughts and ideas that can be used as participation marks*
- There is a December ex
POLS110 Lecture Notes 6
- Initially not all individuals but those whose rationality was proven through
the acquisition of property
o Initially extended in places like the UK to property owners
o Through their investments, and their trade
POLS110 Lecture 7
1. Democracy (from lecture 6) & capitalism
Assumption in liberalism (economic and political liberalism) that liberal
democracy and capitalism reinforce each other emphasis in both on freedom
(of the market, of association, of the
POLS110 Lecture 4 Notes
Homework assignment notes
- Give citation if using someone elses work
- Each homework assignment is worth one mark
- No bibliography needed
What is the State?
- Max Waber definition of the state a human community that suc
POLS110 Lecture 10 Notes
How do we define justice?
- To render what is due
o The idea behind a just punishment is a punishment that fits the crime,
just like a just wage is something that fits the world you are doing
o E.g. punishment or reward what is fi
POLS Lecture 9 Notes
- there are a bunch of theories about power
- Lukes Our minds are being shaped and we are being tricked
- How to interpreted complacency?
- Hayward the power embedded in structures and institutions
- Foucault discourse
Week 1.2: This Changes Everything
-if you want to be a note taking volunteer message politics prof
Variations on a recurring theme
The 1914 analogy
On Kaisers and apple carts
Naomi Klein This Changes Everything Capitalism vs the
Chapter 10 Social Constructivism
International relations theory in 1980s was dominated by neo-realism an neoliberals institutionalism both theories ascribed to materialism/individualism
Various scholars critical of neo-realism and neo-liberalism drew from
Chapter 14 The Changing character of war
War has been a central feature of human history
Since the end of cold war both the frequency/lethality of war have shown a sharp
War between the great powers. In particular has become much more unlikely tha
Governance vs. Government
1) Making authoritative choices for and about the community
2) Regulating the public affairs of the community
3) Ensuring that decisions are implemented by excercising power, influence and authority.
Functions of the state
Define political community; establish and maintain borders and membership
Conduct relations with the other(s); defence, conquest and war
Maintain internal order; articulate and enforce rules, pattern maintenance, social
Reality of sovereignty
1) Not all sovereign claims are respected.
2) Supreme political authority is divisible.
Extraterritoriality: attempting to reign outside ones given territory. Ex. US trading with enemy act
and the Helms-Burton Act.
Claims can be ign
Lukes 3 Faces of Power
1st face of power: A has power over B in that A can get B to do something he would not
ordinarily do. Decision making approach.
2nd face of power: Elitists prevent certain issues from ever entering the decision making
Dissolution, Expulsion and Seccession
Federation of the West Indies (58-62)
Dissolution because of huge differences and distances between islands
United States federation dissolution in 1790
Czechoslovakia dissoluted in 1993
End of USSR, c
US Presidential system
Americans re-located sovereignty in the people; who entrust that sovereignty in the
Separates supreme political authority between branches; executive, legislative and
Separates the individuals; the president cann
-most votes win
-majority could possibly oppose
-no preferences indicated
-first past the post
-<50% of the votes
-2 round voting
-representatives proportional to amount of votes
-no clear l
Normative vs. Positive Statements
Normative: Moral principles, how society ought to be. Value judgements. Ex. A search for Platos
good life. Philosophical approach to politics. Applying how society out to be to social sciences.
Positive: Empirical, based
Distance from The Centre; politically
Western alienation in Canada
Far east alienation in the Soviet Union, divided by 11 time zones
Desire to transform the shared sovereignty of Federalism into the full s
World Politics is interested in relations between institutions and organizations
that may or may not be states. It is all about bargaining and alliances with
A theory is a kind of simplifying device that allows you to decide whic
Which of the theoretical approaches promotes war as a method of solution/ refraining from war
There are more theoretical approaches which promotes/ denotes war as a method of solution.
Which among the leading schools of thought govern the study internatio
Week 2: Concepts and Theories, part Two
1. On the problem of defining terms
Essentially contested concepts. Our words are always which above
things we struggle with.
Laswells definition is Politics is the study of who gets what when and
What is In