Lecture #30 More Architecture: Athens The Acropolis I Nov 24
- Doric temple
- Two stories
- Doesnt have perfect proportions (6x12)
- Three rooms.
- *Look in textbook name of the rooms and other features of temples*
- Classical Perio
Lecture #16 Schliemann VI: His Final Years October 20 th
Friday, Oct 23 - 2:00 to 4:00 in Mac-Corry B201
Monday, Oct 26 - 3:30 to 5:30 in Kingston 200
Tuesday, Oct 27 - 5:30 to 7:30 in Kingston 200
- The gold was all very
Lecture #20 Evans: Knossos III November 2
- The earth was removed in layers from the surface, and owing to this method some large pieces of
fallen fresco which might otherwise have been ruined by the pick were preserved intact. Wherever
Lecture #6 September 24th - The discovery of the site; history of excavations
Letters about Pompeii:
- Younger Pliny (nephew- 17 or 18), Elder Pliny (uncle), Tacitus
- Nephew and elder where living in Misenum
- Elder was a naturalist and in charge of the
Lecture 7, 8, 9, 10 September 28, 29, October 1,5 History of Excavations and Pompeiis Remains
How Pompeii and Herculaneum Were Discovered Continue:
- Emperor Titus himself rushed over with troops to help in relief effort
- Property of people who died with
Lecture #5 September 22, 2015 Pompeii The site, views of some of the main public areas
Vesuvius Looks Now
- Ground has lots of plants and vegetation
- When you get closer to the top, it has more of a moon look to it
- Theres not an open top. Its caved in.
Lecture #4 September 21, 2015 Pompeii Continue: More about the volcano and past eruptions
Mt. St Helen
- When the volcano exploded, it seemed to go from day right to night
- the volcano would have caused a lot of noise (in Pompeii buildings would have bee
Lecture #3 Pompeii Introduction September 17th
History of excavations
Why do people excavate? i.e. goals very important
Excavations are very expensive, so there must be a real reason behind wanting to excavate a site and
there must be questions you wa
Lecture #2 September 15th Geography
Has many mountains
100s of islands (many close to Turkey)
Can never support a large population
Getting along well with Turkey recently
Mountains can be on the coast or inland
Archeologists have to understand th
Lecture #15 Schliemann V: Mycenae October 19th
Mycenae Before Schliemann Continue
- Schliemann should have been dating things
- Charles Newton also important his work laid foundation for Mycenaean chronology.
- How do we know how to date things?
Lecture #18 Arthur Evans: Knossos I October 26 th
- We think of Evans as the 3rd generation of Archeology (Pompeii = first, Schliemann = second)
- Pompeii: At first accidental discovery of beautiful objects led to treasure hunt for more; prog
Lecture #19 Arthur Evans: Knossos II October 27th
- Mar. 1900 dig began
- May be scary that he was about to excavated this huge important space, but he had good helpers
- He had 200 workmen who also had no experience in excavating
Lecture #17 Schliemann VI: His Final Years Continue October 22, 2015
Schliemanns Last Dig - 1890
- One of Schliemanns concerns is that he didnt find any royal graves like the ones he found at
- He thought that maybe the graves were on the outside
Lecture #28 Pottery: Late Geometric, Orientalizing Nov 19
End of Bronze Age
- Around 1200, all palaces on mainland destroyed
- By 1100 Bronze Age civilization is gone
- Everything that made the Bronze Age what it was is now gone
- Dont know what happened,
Lecture #26 Bronze Age Burial Customs Nov 16
- Normally two ways of dealing with the dead in Greece: inhumation (bury the body) or cremation
(burn the body)
- In Bronze Age, inhumation was usual
- But Crete and mainland had different customs when it
Lecture #25 Bronze Age Architecture II: More Palaces, Burials Nov 12
- Located close to Mycenae
- Divided into three areas
- Heavily fortified site
- Located on top of a hill, so we can see that defence was a big thing to these citadels
Lecture #23 - Part 1: Blegen at Pylos Nov 9
- Wood was used a lot in the construction of the Palaces, such as in framing.
- Complex pluming system similar to the one at Knossos
- The Lyre Player reminds us of the Minoans
- The Charioteers not
Lecture #24 Bronze Age Writing and Architecture Nov 10
- So, in the end, they decided that Blegen was right all along: Crete and the mainland were different
people, different cultures, different burial customs, different languages, etc.
Lecture #31 Athens: The Acropolis II: Temple of Athena Nike, The Parthenon Nov 26
*Tutorial: Monday in Ellis 324. 4:00-6:00*
Temple of Athena Nike
Honor Athena for helping them win the war.
Because of where its situated, its very small
Only has columns
Lecture #29 - Early Temples Nov 23
When Temples Appear
- After Bronze Age, Greeks take a long time to rebuild their civilization. By Late Geometric, things were
- Now cities (city-states) wealthy again, and want to show off their wealth and p
Lecture #27 Akrotiri Nov 17
- Greek archeologist who excavated on Crete
- In contact with Evans, shared theories and thoughts
- In 1939, came up with a theory: Collapse of the Minoan palaces due to volcanic eruption
- But wh
Lecture #22 Blegen II: His Sites Nov 5
Alan Wace Continue
- Minoans influenced mainland (Shaft Grave period). But later mainland dominant, not Crete
- This shows how theories progressed through the knowledge of more pottery, etc.
- Fundamentally transform
Lecture 13 October 13th Schliemann III: Schliemann and Troy
*Class test Thursday, Oct. 29th. Slides will be posted on Moodle next week.*
Schliemann History Continue:
- Finished his Ph.D. in 1869 many lies about his life and travels. People have called him
Lecture #14 Schliemann IV: Troy and Mycenae October 15 th
Finding Troy Continue:
- Another find: Helios metope: 2 x 1m. Might refer to the god of Apollo? Found on Calverts property.
- Metope is part of a temple
- Schliemann and Calvert were supposed to sh
Lecture 11, 12 Schliemann I: Early Year, The Search for Troy Begins & Schliemann II October 6 th and 8th
- Father of Archaeology
- Was a business man who took up archeology as a hobby
- Had a huge impact on Greek archeology
Lecture Tuesday January 17th
British Ambassador to Ottoman Empire
Goes to acropolis in Athens. Gets permission from governor to access broken pieces of
stone from the acropolis. He does as Ottomans dont feel connection to Greece as western
Lecture Monday January 16th
History of Archaeology
King Nabonidus of Babylon
From 55- 539 BCE
Interested in a temple in his city, when it had been built and its founding.
Had his men dig into foundations of temple. Found inscription saying when
Lecture Monday January 23rd
Collection (14th C- late 19th C) collection of prestigious antiques
Classification (late 19th C- 1940s attempt to accurately classify and group those antiquities
Explanation (1950s-today) carefully analysis of antiquities in or
Preserving and Respecting the Dead: A Conservation Perspective
Responsibilities of the conservator
- document an artifact at its present state
- manage/slow an artifacts change or degradation through conservation treatments,
environmental controls, etc
Back to Pompeii
The forum Area of Pompeii
Recall Forum is political/commercial center of the city.
The Forum itself:
We are unsure if the forum itself was paved or grassed.
We assume it was paved.
Columns around forum remnants of the Portico.
Resina (modern day Italian city) was built on top of Herculaneum.
Was positioned approx.7 km from the Volcano. It was buried the deepest, even more so
In the 18th, 19th, and 20th century, no bodies were found. Why? Did everyon
Wrote 2 volumes of Pompeiana (1817-18, later edition 1832)
Inspired a lot of people to go to Pompeii.
Trained as lawyer and numismatist (studies ancient coins)
Worked in Naples Museum
Roman Atrium House
Around it, vendors would set up shop.
Google it for more information
Not very much light, so this was very important.
Implivium: Hole that collected water
Compliuvium: Hole that allowed a lot of light in.
750 BC to 600 BC many colonies being established in Italy. Most were in the Bay of Naples
and extended south to Sicily, but none in the northern Italy?
The Etruscans based in North Italy controlled it.
In the south, the land was very fertile, led