Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Main types of volcanoes
Volcano: A vent in the earth's crust where magma, gas or ash escapes onto the earth's surface or into the
Found at constructive plate boundaries
Industry is any business activity or commercial enterprise. The four main types of
industry are primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary.
The occupation or industry
Rapid global population increase and why
Population has grown exponentially over the last few thousand years.
100,000 years ago
200 years ago
50 years ago
Agricultural revolution 1800 AD
Describe methods of water supply
Reservoirs/Dams: Used to obtain, extract and purify water from natural sources (lakes and rivers). Also
allows for water to be stored from large scale rainwater harvesting.
Wells/Bore holes: Used to obtain
Definition: Zone where the land meets the sea
Erosion is the wearing away and breaking up of the coastline. Destructive waves erode the coastline in
a number of ways:
o Hydraulic action: When sea water traps air into cracks in the
Renewable energy sources can be used continually without the fear of it running out. Sustainable.
Produced just under 6% of energy needs as of 2010.
Non-renewable sources are finite and unsustainable as their use leads to eventual exhaustion. Provi
Agriculture (farming): The production of crops and or livestock.
Aquaculture: The farming of aquatic plants and animals
Arable: The growing of crops.
Pastoral: The rearing of animals.
Mixed: Farming that rears animals and cul
The interconnection of countries all across the world to form part of a single, independent global economy.
Improved communications. Vital as they allow TNCs/groups to collaborate throughout the world.
Improved transport. D
Service provisions in an area + changing land use: Bristol
Started as a bridging point settlement in 13 th century. Location allowed it to benefit from
the slave trade in the 18th century.
Many factories (eg.
Climate and natural vegetation
Weather: The current state of the atmosphere in regards to temperature, cloud cover, wind speed and
direction, precipitation, humidity, etc.
Climate: The average (general/normal) weather conditions that a region or country e
Reasons for the growth of tourism
Increased Leisure Time: Most workers now enjoy a two day weekend and in addition are entitled to
several weeks holiday. This holiday time can be spent going on holiday.
Paid Holiday: Not only do an increasing amou
Environmental risks of economic development
Human substances that have harmful or hazardous effects
Substances emitting pollutants in the natural environment
Channels in the soil caused by water erosion
Deciding where to build new settlements is important, as it determines its success.
Site is the location on which settlements are founded, and the more functions a settlement has, the more
likely it is to flourish and grow.
Accessibility is a
Lecture Two notes
Late Stalin Period
State currently repressive and authoritarian but this wasnt a normal point in
their history. Displacement of population, 1.5 million in evacuation army and
citizens from abroad, POWs, gulags released mayhem. 11 Million
Running the USSR post 1945
Stalins priorities after the peace agreement:
Demobilisation of troops and wider society
Population balance after displacement
Public order, POW gulags
Integration of new states
The Enlightenment and Judaism
One of the most challenging aspects when it comes to dealing with the enlightenment,
particularly in its relationship with Judaism, is that it is very difficult to actually
make any general statement about it. Its generally a
17 moments in Soviet History reading
Khrushchevs secret speech 1956
February 24th K delivered the speech at the 20 th Party Congress, infront of
party delegates and other countries communist parties where he
Secret in the fact that th
EU Jewry wk 10
MOSES MENDELSSOHN AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE
Haskalah Jewish Enlightenment.
Mendelssohn sets out Jewish enlightenment.
Moses Mendelssohn German Jewish philosopher main Jewish
intellectual Berlin. Well connecte
Amnesty 1945 The Revolving Door of Stalins Gulag
Expectations of huge amnesty after WW2 however not the case for Solzhenitsyns
sentence added 8 years onto his sentence. But following USSR military victory
over 1 million prisoners had the
World History: Power and Inequality 15
Rulers, warriors and landlords
Ottoman Empire extreme case of military caste, based on this levy of children
from Christian families.
Military elite proud of itself, relatively efficient. (proved by C15/16)
J Palmowski Mediating the Nation: Liberalism and the Polity in NineteenthCentury Germany
Langewiesche vs. Sheehan
Authors belief that our perspective on liberalism has undergone fundamental
transformation, from the perception of a movement that failed to
Heros, enemies and the secret Speech
One of the motivations behind the secret speech was to make amends with
Stalins innocent victims far from being enemies of the people, they were honest
men and women. Depicted as the true heirs of the revolution, read
The Fall of Nikita Khrushchev
1964 ended 11 year leadership by closest circle. Western misunderstanding of events
at the time that the plans to remove K were hatched and executed quickly, but agree it
was discussed early in the year. Move
Marx believes ideology is a mixture of elements, the creation of ideas and
beliefs by the consciousness of an individual acting as a spokesperson for
a social group
Also theories elaborated for the conscious justification of a given social
Cambridge Chemistry Challenge Lower 6th
Student Answer Booklet
School year (eg year 12)
Subjects taken for AS
empirical formua of A
During the February Revolution, Czar Nicholas II,
ruler of Russia since 1894, is forced to abdicate
the throne by the Petrograd insurgents, and a
provincial government is installed in his place.
Crowned on May 26, 1894, Nicholas was neither
trained nor in
Ca'lolic Christian law disapprovu d sutide in Feuial Euopewhilewarriors in HeianJapan
oommit su'cithwhen defeated to mainuin honIJL Japan's ritual su'cide is lled Senoltu. In Feudal
Europe,lu1igl'l:swere-(pectedto do slbsist inwars as bat as they ran and
The Origins of the Cold War
There are now two great nations in the world, which starting from
different points, seem to be advancing toward the same goal: the
Russians and the Anglo-Americans. . . . Each seems called by
some secret design of Pr
THE COLD WAR BEYOND EUROPE
THE KOREAN WAR
A grief stricken American infantryman whose buddy has been
killed in action is comforted by another soldier. In the background
a corpsman methodically fills out casualty tags, Haktong-ni area,