3 areas to be considered
High seas (ocean): water outside jurisdiction of any country. Going back to treaty of
Westphalia, these waters did not belong to anyone. Free travel.
Internal waters (waters intern
Sources of Law in PIL
All law. question of sources of law is your primary question. Often written legislation can
conflict with other written legislation. You can have written law that conflicts with decisions of
court, and laws
Class # 7
International Human Rights
Only subjects of int. Law are states, international organizations, etc.
Human rights: things start to shift.
International human rights first time we see the human come to the forefront
Class # 9
Also referred to as the world court
Established alongside the league of nations:
o L of N founded of 1920, statutes in 1920
o Court first sat in 1922
Ability to hear cases, or be asked to give an
Class # 8
Economic and Social Right :
Article 2 :
1. Each State party to the present Covenant undertakes to take steps, individually and
through international assistance and co-operation, especially economic and technical, to
Private vs. Public International Law:
Anytime youre dealing with a state dealing with another state youre in the realm of
public international law.
Private individuals across international laws = private international law.
The development of PIL and its institutions:
History of International Law
Signature of treaties of Wesphalia
Often referred to as the peace of Westphalia
First large scale multilateral peace agreement
Result of two wars;
Jurisdiction and Responsibility
Sovereignty: ability to exercise power to exclusion of all others
Subject of international law: looking at actions states
Nationality: attachment of a human person to a subject of int