Introduction. First we introduce some basic concepts needed in our
discussion of logic. These will be covered in more detail later.
A set is a collection of objects (or elements).
Predicates and Quantiers
Statements involving variables, like
x2 x + 2
The American city is polluted.
are not propositions, since their truth values
depend on the values of the variable involved.
For what value of x?
Nevertheless, we sometim
A tautology is a compound proposition that is
True for all truth values of the atomic propositions in it. Example:
A contradiction is a compound proposition
that is False for all truth values of the atomic
propositions in it
Discrete mathematics is devoted to the study
of discrete or distinct unconnected objects.
Classical mathematics deals with functions
on real numbers. Real numbers form a
continuous line. Some calculus techniques
apply only to contin
CIVI 231, Geology for Engineers, Fall
Need good knowledge
of the soil conditions
e.g., reactive clays, soft
soils, sink holes, etc.
CIVI 231, Geology for Engineers,
CIVI-231, Geology for Engineers, Fall
CIVI-231, Geology for Engineers, Fall 2015
The information obtained provides a description
of the sites physical characteristics
An Introduction to
Geology and Plate
CIVI-231, Geology- for Engineers, Fall
The Science of Geology
Geology geo earth, logos
Physical geology studies
Earth materials; seeks to
understand processes that
Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
CIVI-231 Geology for Civil Engineers
Dr.P.Nekoovaght, Phone: 848-2424, Office EV006.183
Office Hours: Thursdays 16:00