Material for final PSYC 466
Chapter 6: Language Development
This is a dog how does one child know we are referring to dog this is hard for children b/c info is inconsistent +
there are a # of possibilities that child can attribute meaning to.
Chapter 6: Language Development
General Issues Regarding Language Development
Is Language Special?
Majority of children learn language rapidly and well
Noam Chomsky (1972) believed children learned so rapidly because
-Are careful examinations of problems, intended to identify the processes needed to solve them
-In situations in which people cannot solve problems efficiently, task analyses can suggest places
where they might hav
View Of Childrens Nature
Emphasize the role of external factors (contrast to Freud internal drives) in
shaping personality and social behaviour
Development can be guided by the role of rewards, reinforcement,
punishment, and ignoring by
introduces and tests cognitive development
rst to apply experimental methods on children
theory and approach to science was general
he proposed the question of what is intelligence
- memory are not actually specific representations of the
word, and requires atleast 3 states, pay attention to
encode then store It then retrieve it
466 final class
Present conclusions and future challenges
Started with 6 Key questions:
Are some capabilities innate?
Are they native are they in born?
Does development progress through qualitatively differ
CHAPTER 6- LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT CONTINUATION:
Meaning how we acquire knowledge about words. how we derive meaningful info.
Nouns, verbs -This is a dog- how does that child know youre referring to the whole dog,
not the nose. And not al
-children think very differently than adults. well discuss how a childs mind
develops into an adult mind
-why is it so difficult to study cognition? because mental processes are hidden
and unobservable, so we have tricky measur
Cog dev in social interaction
-our brains have evolved to learn through social manners because it helps
-we engage with many people
-early on with mom, then siblings, then extended family.
-at 5-6 surrounded by peers and form relationshi
Chapter 4- Sociocultural Theories of Development
Monday February 6, 2016
* Video, she is smelling her sisters feet and telling her that they are smelly, even though they
are not. She has learnt/observed how to engage in this behavior, shes seen the reacti
PSYC-466 EXAM NOTES CHAPTERS 1-4
Chapter 1- An Introduction to Childrens Thinking
What is it?
-refers to the thinking that takes place from the moment of birth through the end of
-involves the higher mental processes:
* problem solvi
Chapter 3 Information-Processing Theories of Development
*There are multiple theories that rely on information-processing.
Theories of Cognitive Development
Cognition: Those processes by which sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored,
PSYC 466- COG DEV- CHAPTER 4-7
CHAPTER 4: SOCIOCULTURAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT
Cognitive development occurs in social interactions
We are social creatures.
Children engage in many direct social interactions on a day-to-day basis with many
Concepts involve group together different entities on the basis of some similarity.
They allow us to organize our experience into coherent patterns and draw inferences in
situations in which we lack direct experience.