Chapter 4: Renaissance Science and Philosophy
Renaissance: the period from about 1450 to about 1600 when there was a rebirth of the open, objective enquiry
that has characterized the early Greek philosophers
the new view was that there was more to human
Chapter 5: Empiricism, Sensationalism, and Positivism
Empiricism: the belief that all knowledge is derived from experience, especially sensory experience.
Stresses the importance of experience in the attainment of knowledge.
Chapter 6: Rationalism
Passive Mind: a mind whose contents are determined by sensory experience. It contains a few mechanistic principles
that organize, store, and generalize sensory experiences. The British empiricists and the French sensationalists tend
Chapter 2: Ancient Greece
Animism and Anthropomorphism
Animism: looking at all of nature as though it were alive
Anthropomorphism: projection of human attributes onto nature
Both were involved in early attempts to make sense out of life
Assumed a ghost or
History & Systems Ch. 1: Introduction
Problems in Writing a History of Psychology
Presentism: looking at the way something is today and then attempting to show how it became
that way through history.
Historicism: the study of the past for its own sake wit
Name: _ Date: _
1. A New York Times article published on April 24, 2007, reported the research of Dr.
Vallortigara, a neuroscientist at the University of Trieste, Italy. In this study, Dr.
Vallortigara assessed whether a dog's tail wags in a preferred dir
Chapter 3: Rome and the Middle Ages
Pyrrho of Elis (360-270 BC): founder of skepticism. Much in common with earlier Sophists.
Main atarget of attack was dogmatism.
Dogmatist: according to the skeptics, any person claiming to hav
Stress & Fertility
Dr. Syd Miller
Stephane Jette, Cindy Lucio, Andrea Tkalec
What is Fertility:
Capacity to reproduce (entails both getting pregnant
and carrying to term)
What is Infertility:
12 months trying with no pregnancy
Dr. Sydney B. Miller
Facts about Addiction
1 in 4 Canadians will experience addiction or
mental illness during their lifetime (1/10 in a
2/3 who need care receive none
affect more people than heart disease
more than cancer, a
Dr. Sydney B. Miller, Ph.D., C. Psych
Nervous or Worried
Irritated or Angry
Tearful or Sad
Overwhelmed / Worried
Tired / Trouble Sleeping
PSYCHOLOGY 341 FINAL
RED WRITING- PP SLIDE NOTES
<CHAPTER 8: NUTRITION, EXERCISE AND SAFETY>
1. Describe the components of food.
2. Understand what people eat and why.
- classes of vitamins called antioxidants (A,C,E) reduce damage with oxid
Part 1- The Earth and the Greenhouse Effect
1. Visible and infrared light account for the most energy, and UV for the least.
Figure 1 shows highest peak energy at visible light (44%), and the infrared
Chapter 1 (page 1-26): An overview to Psychology and Health
Health psychologist answer questions such as : does the mind effect our health? Does the age of a
person affect how she/he will deal with an issue.
<What is Health?>
- health is
Possible test questions:
1. What is sampling distribution? (included on midterm and final, answer on the first
2. What is the correct interpretation of the p-value?
3. What does it mean for a result to be statistically significant?
Presumptions in Canadas Legal System
Elements that must be present for criminal guilt:
Actus Reus: wrongful deed
Mens Rea: criminal intent
Must be found beyond a reasonable doubt for a
guilty verdict to be reac
Youth and Divorce
Legal History and Assumptions About Child
Types of Custody
Preferences for Child Custody
and the Law
Behavioural patterns that produce personal
distress and/or an inability to function as is
desired by the individual or needed to
integrate into the society
Can be due to:
Organic causes (usuall
Why study psychology and the law?
The law and order sytems are developed and
maintained by human beings
The psychology of humans affects how the
In order to ensure the best functioning of the
Issues and History
Models of the correctional systems
Science versus the law
Co-operative experimentation v. adversarial
Nomothetic v. idiographic
Research based v. s
Psychopaths are usually
commit murder and
Depictions of psychopaths in
This film features the psychopath as
the main character, as insane voyeur
Carl Boehm fi
Theories of Crime
Psychological Theories of Crime
Internal dynamics and early experiences
Learning through direct and indirect
The make-up of criminal personalities
Sensation & Perception
Factors affecting perception continued:
Social influences such as conformity: Asch
The basketball video demonstration
The following slides co
Eyewitnesses are Most
They provide detail
They are confident
They are adults
Children can be
persuasive under certain
Elderly are perceived
similar to children
Members of the
The Leviaton Model of Social Systems
Social forces are combination of individual and
societal urges to survive
Some social forces and their biological parallels
Sensation & Perception
Seeing is believing?
Sensation is based on physiological parameters that
differs from person to person
Color blindness, acuity, threshold, saturation, etc.
Hormones, level of electr