attempts to explain why species and higher taxa are
distributed as they are, and why the diversity and taxonomic
composition of the biota vary from one region to another.
INTEGRATION OF SEVERAL DISCIPLINES
INTEGRATION OF SEVERAL DI
The Dynamic Earth Plate Tectonics
Why is Mount Everest 29,035 feet (8850 meters) high?
Why do we have deep ocean trenches?
Because the Earth is a dynamic planet
Historically, over long geologic time periods,
the Earth has under gon
By examining layers of sedimentary rock, geologists developed a time scale for
dividing up earth history.
Earlier in the 20th century, radiometric-dating techniques allowed scientists to
put absolute dates on divisions in the geologic time s
The Age of Earth
Sedimentary organisms that have died,
been covered with sediment
and then decomposed.
When an organism is
covered whole in amber and
What Stories do Foss
WHERE DID THEY GO?
What do we know about them?
Dinosaurs lived on earth
more than 215 million years
They lived in most parts of
They ruled the earth for
nearly 150 million years
Dinosaurs have been extinct
for 65 mill
Geological Applications of Fossils
1. An introduction to palaeontological
+ practicals and computer assignments
Assessment by practical folder and exam
1. An introd
Compile data gathered in field or laboratory exploration;
Promote thinking through analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of data; and
Complete student research projects and make presentations.
FOSSIL is a remnant, impression, or
trace of an animal or plant that has
been preserved in the earth. Usually, a
fossil is simply the skeleton (or
impression of the skeleton) of a dead
creature preserved or molded in
hardened rock found
Introduction to Evolution
Evolution = change in allele frequencies
in a population
Great, is class over now?
No (sigh), because the process & results
are interesting & important to our
understanding of biology
Questions in evolution
WHY is life
How does Archaeology get done?
Its not just about digging!
Its complicated, meticulous work that
demands training, patience and big
Its extremely interdisciplinary.
In other words, its not what
most people think it is.
Some Types of Archaeology