What is culture?
What is Culture?
complex whole which includes knowledge,
belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any
other capabilities acquired by man as a
member of society (Tylor, 1871)
What is culture?
Material & non-material
Amish clothing: simplic
What is social identification?
What are some of the different kinds of
social identifications that people have?
Cultures as homogenous, coherent whole.
Static/closed and thus not traversed by multiple
Changes in cultural
1. From armchair research to actual fieldwork
2. From holistic studies to more specialised research
3. From far flung exotic locales to research closer
4. From small scale non industrialized societies to all
Different Types of Societies
Hunter gatherer or Foraging
Agrarian or Agricultural
4.6 billion y.a. Earth created
Emergence of first life forms
65 million /
Evolution of primate
What is art?
The production or expression of what is
considered beautiful or what appeals to
the canons of taste.
Some Functions of Art
Art in RitualControlling the Environment (the natural
and supernatural world
Why study theory?
It helps us answer questions and make sense
Why do cultural differences and similarities
Why do people behave as they do?
A history of questioning
Asking questions, presenting answers
Break up of the Course
Section 1: What is anthropology?
- Key concepts
- Culture/sub cultur
Basic Guiding Principle
Anthropologists' paramount responsibility is to
those they study. When there is a conflict of
interest, these individuals must come first.
Anthropologists must do everything in their
power to protect the physical, social, and
CRUZAN, BY HER PARENTS AND CO-GUARDIANS, CRUZAN ET UX. v.
DIRECTOR, MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, ET AL.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
497 U.S. 261; 110 S. Ct. 2841; 111 L. Ed. 2d 224; 1990 U.S. LEXIS 3301
December 6, 1989, Argued
June 25, 1990, Dec