SENSATION & PERCEPTION
Sensation: the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and
smell. Sensation is produced by the stimulation of a sensory receptor.
The immediate experience of basic properties of an object or event
Research in Psychology
Lahore University of Management Sciences.
Description: tells what occurred
Explanation: tells how & why a behavior or mental process
Argue when they dont listen to each other, when worried or anxious about
Emotions are a feeling state involving thoughts, physiological changes and an outward
expression or behavior.
Emotion: a psychological response of the whole organism, involving interplay among.
(1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors,
Why do we do what we do?
What is the CAUSE of behavior?
What made you get out of bed this morning?
Why do you go to class each day?
Why did you pick out those shoes or those pants to wear today?
What makes us act the way we do?
What is the caus
Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Ego Psychology
Covered in the Chapter on Life Span Development
Behaviorist Approach: 2nd Force
The social-cognitive approach to personality, sometimes called the social-learning approach,
Stress, Health & Coping
Stress: the response of the body to any demand made upon it.
We experience stress when we are faced with a threatening situation that requires us to change
our behavior; to intensify our efforts or to perform at higher levels.
Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior that is a result of experience.
Learning can take place in a variety of ways.
All learning ultimately boils down to association and differentiation. These are the two basic
mechanisms of learn
Psychology over the Lifespan
The development of the human from infancy to old age. from the cradle to the grave
Developmental Psychology is concerned with the course and causes of developmental
changes over a persons lifetime.
The field of study that exam
A distinctive and relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings & actions that is characteristic of an
It is all the ways in which thoughts, feelings & actions (behavior) of one person consistently differ
from that of others.
Memory is the process of retaining information over time.
Through memory we draw on our past experiences to use this information in the present
Memory is the processes involved in the storage and retrieval of information.
Memory is essential to our
Psychology did not emerge as a separate discipline until the late 1800s; its earliest history can be
traced back to Philosophy
Psychodynamic Approach: 1st Force
Behaviorist Approach: 2nd Force
Humanistic Psychology: 3rd Force
Anxiety Disorder Decision Tree
Significant anxietyrelated symptoms and
Predominant symptom focus
Obsessions + worry abo
Chronological Age and Age-Related Cognitive Deficits Are Associated With an Increase in
Multiple Types of Driving Errors in Late Life Chronological age and age-related cognitive
deficits are associated with an increase in multiple types of driving errors
A review on cognitive impairments in depressive and anxiety disorders with a focus on young adults
Anu E. Castaneda, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mauri Marttunen, Jaana Suvisaari, Jouko Lnnqvist
Received 23 February 2007; received in revised form 13 June 2
Facebook: Threats to Privacy
Harvey Jones, Jos Hiram Soltren
December 14, 2005
End-users share a wide variety of information on Facebook, but a discussion of the privacy
implications of doing so has yet to emerge. We examined how Facebook aects
A PILOT STUDY CONSIDERING THE IMPACT OF HUSBANDS INTERNET
BASED PORNOGRAPHY USE UPON MARITAL ADJUSTMENT,
SATISFACTION AND INTIMACY WITHIN
A CLINICAL SAMPLE
Anthony T. Alonzo
A thesis submitted to the faculty of
Brigham Young University
in partial fulfi
The Dos of Counseling
Eye contact including observation of body language
Affirmative head nodding
Appropriate facial expressions
Sit at the same level as client
Remove barriers, e.g. desks, arms etc
Dialogue versus Discussion
Dialogue is essential when we want to listen to and understand what others are
saying and not jump to defend our own opinions. Dialogue aims to explore and
expand the conceptual space. Dialogue is more usef
1. Subway Samaritan.
Sample: Travelers on the New York subway.
The cane victim received spontaneous help on 62 out of the 65 trials, and the drunk
victim received spontaneous help on 19 out of 38 trials.
On 60% of the 81 trials where spo