NST 1B Experimental Psychology
Statistics practical 5
Rudolf Cardinal & Mike Aitken
3 / 4 May 2005
Department of Experimental Psychology
University of Cambridge
We suggest you practise with examp
FUNDAMENTALS OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIOUR: 100 MULTIPLE CHOICE
QUESTIONS (NO ANSWER KEY PROVIDED these are for self-test purposes only)
1. Repeated exposure to amphetamine or cocaine:
A) decreases spine density in the frontal cortex.
B) results in a lowe
What Are the Origins of
Brain and Behavior?
Brain abnormalities can be related to:
A) 500 disorders.
B) 1,000 disorders.
C) 1,500 disorders.
D) over 2,000 disorders.
Topic: What Is the Brain?
Chapter 14: Reasoning and hypothesis testing
Reasoning is related to problem solving, because people trying to solve a reasoning task have a definite goal and
the solution is not obvious. However, problem solving and reasoning are typically treated separa
Psychological Bulletin January 1995 Vol. 117, No. 1, 21-38
1995 by the American Psychological Association For personal use only-not for distribution.
The Correspondence Bias
Daniel T. Gilbert Department of Psychology University of Texas at Austin
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Distinctions and identifying the main types of qualitative research
Qn &. Ql stereotypes
Often there is not a dichotomous distinction continuum arguably a better description 1 - Data description
numbers vs. words -
Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice 1998, Vol. 2, No. 1,48-56
Copyright 1998 by the Educational Publishing Foundation 1089-2699/98/S3.00
Group Norms and Attitude-Behavior Consistency: The Role of Group Salience and Mood
Jackie M. Wellen,
Research `hor rors'
The `horrors' of scientific research
EVERAL articles published recently in The Psychologist have outlined a `new paradigm' in psychological research: qualitative approaches (e.g. Cooper & Stevenson, 1998). These articles have tou
Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice 1997, Vol. l,No. 1,7-27
Copyright 1997 by the Educational Publishing Foundation I089-2699/97/S3 0C
Small Group Research, That Once and Future Field: An Interpretation of the Past With an Eye to the Fut
Notes made from chapter 7 (p245 onwards) of main course text Types of social influence
Social psychology can be defined as `an attempt to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings and behaviours of individuals are influenced
Lecture 8- Social cognition
Notes made from chapter 2 of main course text (Hogg and Vaughan) Theses notes will discuss: How we process social information: the nature of social cognition How we form impressions of other people Types of social schem
Lecture 3- Evidence: methods of inquiry
Notes from chapter 18, putting psychology in its place: Measurement has always been central to experimental science. For psychology, quantifying the phenomena it studies has been a perennial problem. For many t
Lecture 1 and 2- Defining social psychology and its history
Notes from Chapter 12 of `Putting psychology in its place'
Of all of Psychology's sub-disciplines, Social Psychology is that in which involvement with socio-cultural contex
AN ENDURING FEELING OR EVALUATION TOWARDS SOME PERSON, OBJECT OR EVENT (ATTITUDE OBJECT)
DEFINITION FORMED THROUGH
Affective : Classical Conditioning (association) linking attitude object to feelings. Behavioural : Observing others / imitation model
Lecture 11- pro-social behaviour
Notes made from Chapter 14 (p536- ) from course text
Real life shows us many examples of altruism.
Pro-social behaviour, helping behaviour and altruism
Researchers typically refer to acts that benefit another as pro-
SYSTEM RECEPTOR SPECIFICITY
OVERVIEW OF SENSORY SYSTEMS SOMATOSENSORY VISUAL Mechanoreceptors respond to specific Rods & Cones respond to different areas frequencies &types of stimuli eg. in the visual spectrum, cones in fovea stretching (ruffini),
Overview of cutaneous senses - anatomy (served by somatosensory system which, includes proprioception & kinesthesis).
RECEPTORS Nerve fibers Leaving receptors Form peripheral nerves SKIN
SPINAL CORD Through DORSAL ROOT
Up spinal cord 2 pathways
Lecture 8- Visual Search
Notes from page 129-133 of Eysenck and Keane, 2000 ,Cognitive Psychology
One of the main ways we use focused visual attention in our everyday lives is in visual search. An attempt to study the processes involve
Lecture 7- Attention
Notes from p130 onwards in Goldstein:
The selectivity of attention Attention is important both because it directs our receptors to stimuli we want to perceive and also because it influences the way information is processed once t
Lecture 6- Face Perception
Notes from Chapter 4 of Goldstein (p121-)
Neurons that respond to faces IT cells respond best to pictures of faces (GROSS, 1992, 1994) Some neurons in the IT respond only to the head, they stop firing when the head is cover
Lecture 5- Object recognition (3)
Further notes made form chapter 5 of Goldstein
Representation of Global Three-Dimensional Structure
Where is the three-dimensional structure of objects represented in the brain? SCHACHTER ET AL (1995) investigated t
Notes made from chapter 4 of Eysenck and Keane
Throughout the waking day we are bombarded with information from the visual environment. Mostly we make sense of that information, which usually involves identifying or r
Lecture 5- Object recognition and Lecture 8- Visual search
Notes from chapter 5 (p145) of Goldstein.
Questions: 1. Why do some perceptual psychologists say "the whole is greater than the sum of its parts"? 2. How do we use "rules-of-thumb" to aid us
Lecture 3- Developmental perception
Notes made from chapter 10 of developmental main course text
Psychologists make a distinction between sensation and perception. ,SENSATION refers to the process through which information about the environment is pi
Lecture 1 Introduction
Notes made from chapter 1 from Goldstein, and some from chapter 5 of gazzniga and heatherton. Because of the ease we perceive, many people take them for granted and do not understand how incredibly complicated they are. Percep
Lectures 1 and 2- Introduction and Anatomy of the main perceptual systems
Notes from chapter 5 from Gazzaniga and Heatherton for lecture 4
SENSATION- how sense organs respond to external stimuli and transmit the responses to the brain. PERCEPTION- th
CUTANEOUS SENSES SOMATOSENSORY SYSTEM includes
PROPRIOCEPTION (Position of limbs)
KINESTHESIS (Movement of limbs)
WHICH FEED INTO
Made up of Epidermis (outer)& Dermis (inner)
TYPES OF RECEPTORS Mechanoreceptors (Tactile
Approaches to the study of vision (Lec. 1 Fiona or p.8 in Goldstein). 1 : Experimental approach E.g. Psychophysics- this term was coined by Gustav Fechner (1860) and refers to quantitative methods for precise measurement of the
Lecture 3- Founding psychology: evolution and experiment
Notes from Chapter 3 of `Putting psychology in its place'
In the 1860's two developments occurred which supplied an integrating frame for emerging types of psychological inquiry and scientific