1.Deductive Arguments involve "necessary" reasoning while inductive arguments involve
A deduction tries to assert that the conclusion follows with necessity. This is determined by the form or
structure of what is being said.
- Co-Ownership of Real Property
I. Forms of Co-Ownership
When property is owned by one individual, he
holds title in SEVERALTY
In California, when property is owned by more than
one individual, they can hold title in one of five
- Agency Duties and Disclosures
I. Agency Disclosure
In 1988, the California Legislature enacted an
agency disclosure statute that applies to
residential transactions involving 1- 4 dwelling
units or mobilehomes
Under the statute, a real estate
- Real Estate Contracts
The Real Estate
a broker to have a
each licensee who
works for him or her.
II. Listing Agreements
A listing a
I. Ethics and Values
Why Study Ethics?
What is Ethics?
Value Systems and Moral Beliefs
6 Influences That Shape Value System
Values in Conflict
A. Why Study Ethics?
The primary goal of American business is to make a
Business Torts and Cyber
Slander of Title
Deals with monetary damages that a business
person suffers from an injurious falsehood to his or
her business product
If ONLY the repu
Contracts: Concepts, Terms,
and the Agreement
Contract Law deals with a very ancient concept,
the keeping of promises
2 Types of Promises:
Moral (Social) Promises
DAMAGES may require the payment of money
What are the three (3) major philosophies of Law?
1. Natural Law: The belief that certain things are "right" and certain things are "wrong," that
everyone should agree on as "universal laws."
2. Positive Law: The belief the proper laws are those determine
Court Systems & Court
The court system in the United States is based
on the adversarial system
Disputing parties present their case to a neutral
The judge or jury then determines the truth and
resolves the dispute
and Strict Liability
A TORT is a civil wrong based on the breach of duty
not created in contract or criminal law
A TORT is a wrong against an individual versus a
CRIME which is against a society as a whole
Law is a set of guidelines that help maintain
order in a society
A civilized society is one that no longer settles
private disputes through private violence
I. Legal Philosophies
I. What Is The Best
Method To Resolve A
Procedures such as negotiations, mediation
and arbitration to resolve disputes in a more
efficient and effective manner
- Interests in Real Property
I. Possessory Interests
Estates which are an interest in real property that
is, will be, or may become possessory
A. Freehold Estates
A FREEHOLD is a possessory interest of uncertain
1. Fee Simple
- Alternatives to Litigation
I. Alternative Dispute
Conflicts between people are increasingly being
resolved through the use of ADR
ADR is a catchall term used to describe out-ofcourt methods to resolve disputes, including
1.The validity of a deduction is determined by the argument form.
It is the structure or form of what is being said that determines whether the inferential claim holds or not. For a
deduction to be valid, the inferential claim must hold.
1.When you evaluate or analyze editorials or essays, you must discern arguments from other
You need to make sure you discover the arguments themselves so that you can evaluate them for soundness
2.While any single
1.The part of an argument that is meant to give evidence is called the conclusion.
Premises give support for the conclusion. You cannot draw a conclusion without evidence first.
2.In any single argument there may be only one conclusion.
Select all answers that would apply to completing and structuring the argument below:
1.How anyone who has seen even one photo of the fly-covered, starving children in Somalia can still
believe in a loving, ever-present, omnipotent God is beyond intel
1. If a passage is an argument, it will have an inferential claim.
The inferential claim is the causal link between the premises and the conclusion. It is the claim that the alleged
evidence supports or implies something. It is the claim that som
1.A valid argument must have a true conclusion
2.A sound argument could have a false premise, but it must be valid.
3.It is possible for an induction to have all true premises and a probably false conclusion.
4.An induction that is s
1.Which of the following shows increasing intension?
animal, mammal, feline, tiger Increasing intension is the same order as decreasing extension. Can you
explain why? If you can, then you really understand the concept.
2.Which of the following shows
1.In the definition "A jar is a vessel made of glass or other material, meant to contain something," the
definiens is the word "jar."
False The definiens is the word or group of words that does the defining.
2.If you coin a new word, like "liger" or "
1.If I indicate the members of a class, then I am giving an extensional definition.
True Extensional definitions denote members of the class.
2.Which of the following is not an extensional definition type?
3."Sailboat" means a
- Introduction to Agency Law
An AGENT is someone who is authorized to
represent or act for another person in dealings
with third parties
PRINCIPAL is the person who hires an agent
THIRD PARTIES are others who are involved in a
- Contract Law
There are 4 fundamental ways of
classifying all contracts:
express or implied
unilateral or bilateral
executory or executed, and
valid, voidable, void, or unenforceable
II. Contract Formatio
Law is a set of guidelines that help maintain order in a society
A civilized society is one that no longer settles private disputes
through private violence
I. Legal Philosophies