In Canada, poverty still remains to be an issue of concern today. For such a rich
country, it is surprising that so many people live poor, and that little is being done to fix
it. Even more surprising is that there is no official definition o
o Social evolution is a unilinear process of differentiation and specialization
towards more complex and centralized organization
o Change in economic sphere needs adjustment of
1. The Sociological Perspectives.: Examine patterns of social relations
.Provide unique and enlightening perspectives on social events that differs
from common sense understanding
.Can be used to analyze how people commonly understand the world
1. The Soc
Stanley Milgrams Experiments on Obedience to Authority (1961)
Social PsychologyProfessor, YaleUniversity
General Question: Was it that Eichmann and his accomplices in the
Holocaust had mutual intent, in at least withregard to the
-Henslin, J., D. Glenday, A. Duffy, and N. Pupo. (2004) Sociology: A Downto-Earth Approach. Third Canadian Edition. Toronto: Pearson.
-Pearson Custom Publishing. (2005) Intersections: Readings in Sociology.
Compiled by Tim Fisher. Boston
2. George HerbertMead (1863
American Symbolic Interactionist
Individual personalities develop through interacting with others
Socialization: Objectification process (take the role of the other)
Learn roles by observing how others respond to us (e.g. gende
4. Erving Goffmans Total Institutions Symbolic Interactionism
Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation ofMental Patients and Other
Total Institution: large bureaucratic instit
Sociological Perspectives vs. Commonsense Perspectives
Four Main Theoretical Traditions in Sociology
Stable patterns of social relations or macrostructures govern huma
Fathers and Parental Leaves
3% in 2000
20% in 2006 (1 in 10).
Quebec more than half of dads took time off in 2006
= social policies
= a cultural shift Katherine Marshall
Reasons for increased rates:
- People expect more from marriage
What is family?
-it affects legal rights, benefits, and responsibilities.
Family is a universal institution
-Socialization and nurturing of children
Ideal family Nuclear Family
Men = Instrumental r
A. Children reduce the time a couple has to spend with one
B. Children = conflict Division of Labour
-Traditional division of labour becomes more pronounced once
children are born
C. Increased economic pressure/financial strain
D. Increased w
Cohabitation common-law as a first union
One fifth of all children born into common-law unions
Viewed as both:
A stage in a relationship between dating and marriage
An alternative to marriage
Distinction between marriage and cohabitation becoming blurred
Feminist and Anti-Racist Approaches
people should be valued equally and seek explanations for unequal treatment and
inequalities of wealth and power within Canadian and other societies.
Criticize Functionalist & Conflict theories for not taking
Chapter 8 Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
Race a group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from
another group. Social construct
Modern geneticists say there is only one racial category, Homo Sapiens
75% of all genes in a human
Chapter 12: Power and Authority
Micro politics and Macro politics
Powerthe ability to carry out your will in spite of resistance, and in every group, large or small,
some individuals have power over others.
Micro politicsthe exercise of power in everyday
Main focus for each theoretical tradition
Functionalism: How social institutions foster social stability
Conflict Theory: Social conflict between powerful and subordinate groups.
Feminism: Patriarchal social structure that subordinates females to male
Mortality- death patterns, life expectancy(can be calculated at any point in life, but
usually calculated at time of birth, where and when you were born) and life span
(maximum genetic potential for any human being at any time) !
most mainstream media are large corps, controlled by wealthy people or
managers who are subject to sharp constraints by owners & other marketprofit-oriented forces
ownership, size & profit orientation will influence media behaviour in a
Sociology 102 F
Monday January 18, 2010
Read chapter 1 and 2
Classical economics as ideology
Classical economic doctrines state that laws of economic activity analogous to
laws of nature
Economy itself treated as principle caus
March 15, 2010
The Codes of Gender
Could be used for pop culture question on exam!1
Gender is socially created
2 sex 2 gender distinction
o Downplay similarities in the sexes
o Downplays variability in one sex
Different ways of being a m
Introducing Neo-Marxist Theories (someone who came after and built on to make new
Georg Lukacs- reification
o History and Class Consciousness 1922
o Broadens and extends on ideas of economic determinists (economy drives
everything else) what ab
Sociology Midterm Review
The goal is to understand the social world and our lives within it
People often feel as though they cannot overcome their personal problems
We live in a world of hyper-reality in which what we see on TV can seem more
real than rea
Structural Functionalism/ consesus
Societies try to gain dynamic equilibrium
Needs adequate systems of decision-making authority, communication, and
How particular institutions within a society are structured and the functions
Sociology Week 4
January 25, 2010
Thinking about Inequality
Women underpaid and undervalued
Identical work, different titles, lower salaries
Seamstress vs. tailor
High stress, important
Long hours, shifts, te
No page limit
More than page and a half
Reference from text and lecture
No overlap between answers at all!
Globalization and development
Soc perspectives on it
Theo and conceptually
How each model applys, each concept
Class lecture: Essay topic
- journalistic question; what, where, when, why who, how?
- what kinds of ways we want to get into our topic:
1. Exotic associations; taking a chance, making mistakes
2. Compare and compress
Crime in the media!
-mostly receive information from mass media, especially popular reports!
-the view can be skewed !
-pg.107 , No Crime Epidemic in Canada, thesis states we do not have a crime problem,
Population over 33 Million and only 740 murd
Gender Inequality !
-far from achieving !
-important to not undermined ourselves,!
-gender intersects with a variety of other social variables (complicated)!
-no biology of race, racialization processes create issues!
-difcult to disti
Week 5-Feb. 5
5.homophobia hurts everyone, not just those who are gay, lesbian, bisexual !
*transphobia and homophobia are distinct !
-the insult of fag is used to keep people in line, infers that they are feminine therefore it
Sociology- Week 9- Unemployment!
-companies have not be replacing job thats disappeared during the beginning !
although prots might be increasing !
- What do you do ? most common thing to ask , as if it is the most dening