4 kinds of alienation
From themselves as human beings. They are instruments of production, anonymous units
in the labour pool.
Alienated from the purpose of work. They cant be free and creative humans.
They are alienated from the process of w
Believed religion was the opium of the people meaning it was a drug that made the poor,
lower class citizens (the proletariat) feel like their living conditions were okay when they
really werent. Marx believes religion was used by the upper clas
Johnstone P. 15 Magic rites and rituals in both religion and magic. In religion, rites and
rituals are essentially symbolic. They are designed to encourage individuals to consider early
events and acts.
1. Religion is a group phenomenon.
1. Group of individuals who have jurisdiction over some area of life.
2. Group that has an ethos from its own structure that is sufficiently strong to be itself
venerated by the group. Venerated honoured, held high.
4 characteristics of s
Socal correlates associations between various events and features on the one hand and
religious forms and expressions on the other. One of the concerns of contemporary
sociology of religion is tracing the interaction of social
Totem an object or a living thing, such as a bird, etc. that a group regards with special awe,
reverence and respect. The totem is only a symbol of something more fundamental. What the
totem represents is worship.
Soul the soul is a symbolic rep
311 Study Notes
Emile Durkheim studied religion in its most primitive form known to social
researchers. Religion helps you understand the essential components of belief.
A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices, relative to sacred things, t