Chapter 5 Research Methods:
Is about the process of change and what stimulates it. The investigator acts as a facilitator, collaborator,
or change-agent who works with the stakeholders in a community or organization to help a situation to
Lay representation of illness:
One of the core tenets of health psychology is that heal and illness are more than a biomedical
Cognitive Approaches: Illness perceptions:
Fear doesnt play a huge role, a message is effective if it pro
Obesity has been defined as a chronic relapsing, neurochemical disease. It manifests itself by an increase
in size and number of fat cells adipose tissue. Obesity is normally defined by BMI.
The body consists of four compartments: bone, muscle,
Sexual Behavior: is any activity that arouses sexual arousal for pleasure or procreation.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are passed on through intimate sexual contact. They can be passed
on during vaginal, anal and oral sex, as well as
Chapter 9: Tobacco & Smoking
Tobacco was usually smoked with pipes and confined to men (19 th century). Chemicals and radiation that
are capable of triggering the development of cancer are called carcinogens. Carcinogens initiate a series
of genetic alter
Environment can be broken down into macro & micro levels. Macro effects health & well-being in a huge
variety of ways. Macro-social refers to large-scale social, economic, political and cultural focuses that
influence the life course of masses o
Screening & Immunization:
One of the main forms of health risk management is doing screening to find disease early on.
Screening for Cancer:
Past 10 years there has been more effort in doing screening for breast cancer.
The fave met
Chapter 14: Health Promotion:
Health Promotion: Is any event, process or activity that facilitates the protection or improvement of the
health status of individuals, groups, communities or populations.
Behaviour Change approach:
The goal of the behaviour
People in low SES have more illness and lower longitivity than those in higher SES.
The earliest report on the health gradient was by the French physician Louis-Rene, he concluded that
their was a relationship between the wealth of the neighbou
Information Communication and Health literacy:
Health communication refers to all interpersonal organizational or mass communications that concerns
It can occur in various contexts: Dr-patient communication, public health campaigns
Health: Health is a state of well-being with satisfaction of physical, cultural, psychosocial, economic and
spiritual needs, not simply the absence of illness.
Health is derived from Old High German meaning whole, hale and holy. Ancient links e
Culture: A system of meanings and symbols that shape every area of life, define a world view that gives
meaning to personal and collective experience and frames the way people locate themselves within the
world and believe in it.
Culture has be
Chapter 8: Alcohol and tobacco
An analysis of the research findings on the health hazards of drinking is considerably more complicated
than is the case for smoking. Whereas smoking is dangerous even for low levels of consumption, and
increasingly so for h
Chapter 10: Physical Acticity & Exerise
According to the UK Time Use Survey 2000, among those who are most active the most common
activities are walking, gardening, DIY and ball games. However, there is evidence that even walking is
becoming less common.