Week 16: Deviance
What is Deviance?
The recognized violation of cultural norms
Any behaviour which violates any rules of social order
Can include written/ unwritten, folkways, mores, etc.
In order for society to function there must be so
Conflict theory of deviance includes 3 basic elements:
1. Social rules emerge from conflict and serve the interests of societys powerful groups
2. Members of powerful groups are less likely to break the rules becau
Violence as learned behaviour
Violence in sport is learned behaviour reinforced by coaches, the audience,
Successful competition within the rule-bound structure of sports is a major part of the
Contextual morality: reifi
Gender Part Two
Becoming Our Gender
Achieved status (position that is earned)
Master status (primary identifying characteristics of an individual)
Within the larger gendered order
Gendered order: set of structural relations th
What is Criminology?
The body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It includes within its scope
the process of making laws, breaking laws, and reacting towards the breaking of laws.
Crime and Deviance
Designates certain behaviours an
November 18, 2013
Week 8: Gender
Interplanetary Theory of Gender
Are men and women from different planets?
Biology or Socialization?
2 main schools of thought regarding differences between men and women:
1. Biological determinism (nature)
Week 7: Culture
Edward T. Hall
Culturally specific relations in time and space
Time 5 minute rule
Every culture has specific rules/ norms regarding what is appropriate based on
timing and spatiality
Week 6: Socialization
To what extent are you in the culture, or is the culture in you?
Socialization links us to society- helps us become MEMBERS of society
Essential for maintaining a society and its institutions
What is Socialization?
January 13, 2014
Week 15- Demography &Urbanization
World Population Growth
Demography: studies how the size, structure, and rate of growth are affected by fertility,
morality, and migration.
Crude Death Rate: deaths/ per year/ 1000
Theoretical Perspectives Functionalism
Stability and consensus are key
Deviance = eufunction
Eufunctions: A certain level of deviance is functional for maintaining the status quo/social
Accommodate (Acceptable deviance)
Deviance = dysfunction
Masculinity and Sports
Within the institution of sports, masculinity is normative standard
Sports= metaphor and reality of masculinity
Masculinity is woven into sports both for participants and audience
Michael Messner: one of first scholars to examine th
Learning deviance involves:
Opportunity: defining certain situations as the appropriate occasions for deviant
Techniques: mastering the techniques (skills) of successful deviant activity
Motives: acquiring motives, drive
The Sociology of Law
Subdiscipline of sociology
Attempt to place laws, regulations, specific legal cases, and the administration of
criminal justice into a social context
Principles adopted from Britain
Rule of Law:
No person is above the law
What is Culture?
Culture: system of values, beliefs, behaviour and material objectives that constitutes a peoples
way of life
5 common elements
Symbols: anything that carries a particular meaning recogn