POSITIVIST SCHOOLS OF
G eneralized explanations of why, how, and
with what consequences crimes occur
C onsistent with researched facts
M ust be falsifiable
All law except criminal law
o E.g., property law, contract law, tort law
Tort Law subsection of civil law
Individual victim seeks compensation for personal harm
caused by another
o E.g., trespass, assault, libel, slander
Criminal Law vs.
Functions of the Criminal Law
Providing social control
Expressing public opinion and morality
Deterring criminal behavior
Maintaining the social order
Classifications of law
Jonh hagus typology
Readings criminal defenses
Official Crime Reports
o Crimes known and officially recorded by the police
Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) System
o Crime data collected by the police is processed as part
of the UCR system
o A survey which standardizes the format f
STRAIN & CULTURAL
Problems of housing, health care, family breakups,
High levels of dropping out, teenage pregnancy.
Immigrants and ra
SOCIAL PROCESS &
SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES
Criminality is a function of _.
_ has the potential to be criminal.
However not everyone turns to crime
Less than _% of people respon
quiz: criminal defences, john hagan
WHAT IS CRIME?
WHY DO WE STUDY CRIME?
CONCEPTS & PROCESSES
CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAW
!All law except criminal law.
!e.g. property law, contract law, tort law.