What is Criminology?
The body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It
includes the process of making laws, breaking laws and reacting to
the breaking the laws
Norms? established rules of behavior or standards of conduct
Chapters 1-17 Definitions
Class Conflict Theory: laws are passed by members of the ruling class in order to maintain their
privileged position by keeping the common people under control. Activities that threaten those with
Main Topics Discussed
Lecture 1. Ch. 1,2,3
Criminologists focus on:
o The factors influencing criminal motivation
o The circumstances leading up to the act
o The consequences for the act, the victim, the community, and for society
In 2012, Ottawa police arrested Kailey Oliver-Machado at the young
age of 15 for running an operation that trafficked teen girls. It was
discovered that she had 5 female victims under her belt ranging from the
ages of 13 to 17 years old. It is belie
Crim Case Study Article Summary
Who: Kailey Oliver-Machado Teen pimp sex boss
Trial started April 2013
She was given a 6 1/2 year adult sentence for calculating exploitation of teen
She was 15 years old when she started (2012) & arrested lead an ope
POSITIVIST SCHOOLS OF
G eneralized explanations of why, how, and
with what consequences crimes occur
C onsistent with researched facts
M ust be falsifiable
All law except criminal law
o E.g., property law, contract law, tort law
Tort Law subsection of civil law
Individual victim seeks compensation for personal harm
caused by another
o E.g., trespass, assault, libel, slander
Criminal Law vs.
Functions of the Criminal Law
Providing social control
Expressing public opinion and morality
Deterring criminal behavior
Maintaining the social order
Classifications of law
Jonh hagus typology
Readings criminal defenses
Official Crime Reports
o Crimes known and officially recorded by the police
Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) System
o Crime data collected by the police is processed as part
of the UCR system
o A survey which standardizes the format f
STRAIN & CULTURAL
Problems of housing, health care, family breakups,
High levels of dropping out, teenage pregnancy.
Immigrants and ra
SOCIAL PROCESS &
SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES
Criminality is a function of _.
_ has the potential to be criminal.
However not everyone turns to crime
Less than _% of people respon
quiz: criminal defences, john hagan
WHAT IS CRIME?
WHY DO WE STUDY CRIME?
CONCEPTS & PROCESSES
CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAW
!All law except criminal law.
!e.g. property law, contract law, tort law.