Caused by agents that directly damage DNA
structurally similar to normal bases
mistakes occur when they are incorporated into
growing polynucleotide chain
DNA modifying agents
alter a base causing it to mispair
Dr. Sheba Khan
Honey Bee Life Cycle
The Honeybee Adult Gut as a
Agrobacterium tumefaciens: From crown gall tumors to genetic transformation
Daniel I. Pacurar a,c,*, Hans Thordal-Christensen d, Monica L. Pacurar b,c, Doru
Pamfil c,Constantin Botez c, Catherine Bellini a,e. (2011) Physiological and
Molecular Plant Patho
what are they?
how are they infectious?
how do they cause disease?
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE)
Variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD)
Cell Structure and Function in
Bacteria and Archaea
Chapter 3 and 4 Prescotts Microbiology
Dr Sheba Khan (2015)
Two distinct domains:
cell wall composition,
types of lipids synthesized by the cells
Human herpes virus infections
Human Herpes viruses
Human herpesviruses a list
Hepatitis virus infections
treatment and prevention
Human hepatitis viruses
The textbook version
Hepatitis virus classifications
Chapters 13 and 16
Dr Sheba Khan
Terminology and Concepts
all DNA present in a cell or virus
Bacteria and Archaea generally have one set
eukaryotes have two sets (diploid - 2N)
specific set of genes an
Definitions: Virology and viruses
Viral structure and classification
Types of viral infections
How do viruses infect their hosts?
Routes and example viruses
What is virology
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) &
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A new disease!
AIDS in Australia
Where did it come from?
AIDS the disease
RE S EAR CH | R E P O R T S
RE FE RENCES AND N OT ES
1. C. Shee, J. L. Gibson, S. M. Rosenberg, Cell Rep. 2, 714721
2. A. Deem et al., PLOS Biol. 9, e1000594 (2011).
3. C. E. Smith, B. Llorente, L. S. Symington, Nature 447, 102105
4. F. Pr