Range Central Tendency Notes
Range and measures of central tendency (mean, median and mode) are
values that summarize a set of data. They are useful when analyzing data.
Outliers
Sometimes there are extreme values that are separated from the rest of the
d
Association and Casualty Notes
Generalizability
How do you know that what you found in your research study is, in
fact, a general trend?
Does A really, always cause B?
If A happens, is B really as likely to happen as you claim? Always?
Under certain condi
Central Tendency Notes
Distributions, Percentiles, and Central Tendency
A percentile rank of a score is a single number that gives the percent of
cases in the specific reference group scoring at or below that score.
The mode.
The mode is the score with th
Experiments and Quasi experiments Notes
An Experiment is
A controlled empirical test of a hypothesis.
Hypotheses include:
A is bigger, faster, better than B
A causes B
A changes more than B when we do X
Two requirements:
Independent variable that can be m
Linear Programming Notes
Mathematical programming is used to find the best or optimal solution
to a problem that requires a decision or set of decisions about how
best to use a set of limited resources to achieve a state goal of
objectives.
Steps involved
Operations Research Notes
What is Operations Research?
Operations
The activities carried out in an organization.
Research
The process of observation and testing characterized
by the scientific method. Situation, problem statement, model construction,
vali
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS Notes
Include a wide variety of laboratory and non-laboratory procedures
Involve measurement
Measurement
Random Assignment
Populations and Sampling
Generalizability
Measurement
Random Assignment
Populations and Sampling
Gener
Solving the Mathematical Model Notes
Many tools are available as discussed in this course
Some lead to optimal solutions
Others only evaluate candidates trial and error to find best course
of action
Example: Collect input data - nurse profiles and demand
Problem Solving Process Notes
Problem Solving Process
Goal: solve a problem
Model must be valid
Model must be tractable
Solution must be useful
The Situation
May involve current operations or proposed developments due to
expected market shifts
May become
Developing LP Model Notes
The variety of situations to which linear programming has been
applied ranges from agriculture to zinc smelting.
Steps Involved:
Determine the objective of the problem and describe it by a
criterion function in terms of the decis
Questionnaires and Surveys Notes
Self-report measures
Interviews
Questionnaires & surveys
Diaries
Types
Structured
Open-ended
Advantages
Sample large populations (cheap on materials & effort)
Efficiently ask a lot of questions
Disadvantages
Self-report is
LP Problems Notes
4. A Transportation Problem
A product is to be shipped in the amounts al, a2, ., am from m
shipping origins and received in amounts bl, b2, ., bn at each of n
shipping destinations.
The cost of shipping a unit from the ith origin to the
Constructing Model Notes
Constructing a Model
Problem must be translated from verbal, qualitative terms to logical,
quantitative terms
A logical model is a series of rules, usually embodied in a computer
program
A mathematical model is a collection of fun
BSTA 320
Assignment 1
Spring 2016
Assignment 1: Decision Analysis (Chapter 5)
Total marks: 20 marks Weight: 8%
Due Date: June 9, 2016
Computer Tool: TreePlan Excel Add-In.
Submit in class, hard copy only.
Assignment can be done in groups of up to 3 studen