Non B Vitamins Notes
Choline is involved in the synthesis of acetylcholine and
Choline Recommendations (1998 Adequate Intake)
AI Men: 550 mg/day
AI Women: 425 mg/day
Choline Deficiency and Toxicity
Deficiencies are rare.
The Vitamins Overview Notes
Vitamins differ from carbohydrate, fat and protein in
structure, function and food contents.
Vitamins are similar to the energy-yielding nutrients in that
they are vital to life, organic and available from foods.
Selection of Supplements Notes
What form do you want?
What vitamins and minerals do you need?
Do not exceed Tolerable Upper Intake Levels.
Be careful about greater that 10 mg of iron.
Are there misleading claims?
Avoid products that make high potency clai
Classic Flavor Profiles Notes
The best place to start is to study traditional recipes from
around the world.
Also to study the classical cuisine passed down to us
Seasoning and Flavor Ingredients
Seasoning: enhancing the natural flavor
Pantothenic Acid Notes
Pantothenic acid is involved in energy metabolism as a part
of coenzyme A.
Pantothenic Acid Recommendations (1998 Adequate Intake)
AI Adults: 5 mg/day
Pantothenic Acid Deficiency and Toxicity
Deficiency is rare.
Cobalamin or Vitamin B 12 Notes
Vitamin B12 is involved in the synthesis of new cells,
maintains nerve cells, reforms folate coenzymes, and helps
break down some fatty acids and amino acids.
Methylcobalamine and deoxyadenosylcobalamin are the
Using Herbs and Spices Notes
Herbs: the leaves of certain plants that usually grow in
Spices: the buds, fruits, flowers, bark, seeds, and roots of
plants and trees, many of which grow in tropical climates.
Steaming and microwaving are cooking methods that
Thiamin leaches into water with boiling or blanching.
The vitamin is easily destroyed by heat.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Riboflavin is involved in energy met
Folic acid, folacin, pteroylglutamic acid-PGA
Folate is involved in the synthesis of DNA and the formation
of new cells.
The coenzymes THF (tetrahydrofolate) and DHF
(dihydrofolate) require vitamin B12 to function correctly.
The B Vitamins Notes
The B vitamins are very active in the body. Several of the B
vitamins form part of the coenzymes that assist enzymes in
the release of energy.
Other B vitamins participate in metabolism and cell
Recommendations for the
Niacin is involved in the metabolism of glucose, fat, and
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), and NADP, the
phosphate form of NAD, are the coenzyme forms.
Niacin Recommendations (1998 RDA)
The body can obtain niacin from dietary
Vitamin B 6 Notes
The coenzyme forms of vitamin B6 (pyridoxal phosphate
[PLP] and pyridoxamine phosphate [PMP]) are involved in
amino and fatty acid metabolism, the conversion of
tryptophan to niacin or serotonin, and the production of red
Arguments for Supplements Notes
Correct Overt Deficiencies
Support Increased Nutrient Needs
Improve Nutrition Status
Improve the Bodys Defenses
Reduce Disease Risks
Who Needs Supplements?
People with nutritional deficiencies
People with low energy intake
As part of a coenzyme used in energy metabolism, biotin
assists in glycogen synthesis, fat synthesis, and amino acid
Biotin Recommendations (1998 Adequate Intake)
AI Adults: 30 g/day
Biotin Deficiency and Toxicity
Flavor Profiles Notes
The harmony of ingredient flavors and aromas the cook creates
by skillfully combining ingredients.
Primary flavor: The most important flavors of a given
preparation are those of its main ingredients.
Supporting flavors: Support and e