Using Analogies in the Classroom Notes
Help explain an unfamiliar concept by making a comparison
to something that we understand.
Question What is this analogy?
One:trillion:one square inch: the area of the city of Chicago
Pushes students to think about h
Strategies for Similarities and Differences Notes
The process of identifying and articulating similarities and
differences among items.
The process of grouping things into definable categories on the
basis of their attributes.
The Instructional Strategy Focus for the Day Notes
Identifying similarities and differences.
Summarizing and Note taking
Getting Acquainted with the Essential 9
Break into groups of 4
Strategies Results in all subjects Notes
Specific Instructional Strategies can be matched to specific
types of knowledge.
Different types of learning sometimes necessitate different
types of instruction.
Before you start
Be clear about the learning that y
Identifying Similarities and Differences in education activities
In Jigsaw Groups:
Venn Diagram/Comparison Matrix
Apples and Oranges
Learning Goal: How does temperature and length of growing
season effect the nutritional value of fruit?
How was Roun
The Six Summary Frames Notes
A summary is
Is an essential condensation in your own words.
Answers the questi
Effective Classroom Strategies Notes
Based on current research
meta-analysis of 2,455 studies pertaining to
Includes latest knowledge, technology and procedures
Research continues through McRel
Successful across student p
Creating Metaphors Notes
Identify a general or basic pattern in a specific topic and then
find another topic that seems quite different at the literal level
but has the same general pattern.
Counting is a recipe.
Vocabulary is a map legend.
A Model for Summarizing Notes
Steps for Rule-Based Summarizing
Delete trivial material that is unnecessary to
Delete redundant material.
Substitute super-ordinate terms for more specific terms
(e.g., use fish for rainbow trout, sal
Practicing Reviewing and Applying Knowledge Notes
Have students keep notes
(#2 Summarizing and Note-taking)
(#5 Non-linguistic Representations)
Have students work individually and in