APA Formatting and Style Guide Notes
The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is the
most commonly used format for manuscripts in the social
Personal pronouns where approp
Stages of Second Language Acquisition for ESL Students
Skill Areas of:
Grades 1-3, Grades 4-6, Grades 7-8
Stage 1: Survival/Beginning English
ESL and ELD Students in FSL Notes
It is expected that ESL/ELD students will participate in the
French as a second language (FSL) program along with their
grade-level peers. Core French curriculum expectations
may need to be modified according to the age,
Basic verb dependents Notes
A verb with just one word as its subject and no O or P or
1: He arrives, and,
A sentence containing the verb BE three times, with
adjective or place adverb as P.
6: But signing Kaka is impossible, because he i
Diagnostic Assessment Notes
an ESL/ELD assessment; and
a mathematics assessment
Informally gathered over several weeks
Report Cards for ESL/ELD Students
ESL/ELD students should be given time to develop their
Subject delay and formality Notes
Here comes your bus.
There are my gloves.
In the corner is an old oak tree.
In the corner stands an old oak tree.
From this observation arises another concern.
A postposed O following a preposition phrase
2: 'Dear pig, ar
Literacy Making the Second Language Connection Notes
An ESL student
enters an Ontario school with little or no previous knowledge
of English but has received educational experiences in
his/her own country.
may be Canadian-born but have limited proficie
Introducing quotations Notes
Include the authors name in the signal phrase, followed by the
year of publication in parenthesis.
When including the quotation in a summary/paraphrase, also
provide a page number in parenthesis after the quotation:
APA as a complex system of citation Notes
APA is a complex system of citation. When compiling the
reference list, the strategy below might be useful:
Identify the type of source:
Is it a book? A journal article? A webpage?
Find a sample citation for
Six interesting variants Notes
Why put aux first?
Because it could be negative:
So we focus on truth.
Is he ready? = Is it true tha
Essay Organization Notes
Your essay should:
have 1 margins,
use 10-12pt. Standard font (ex. Times New Roman),
be printed on standard-sized paper (8.5x 11)
[Note: If you are writing a manuscript draft, APA suggests using
A verb that has two topics
2: And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand,
They danced by the light of the moon
A topic 29 words long
3: Among other public buildings in a certain town,
which for many reasons it will be prudent to refrai