Statement Of The Theme Notes
The statement of the theme is advanced at the beginning of The
epic. In the Iliad, the theme is the anger of Achilles.
Invocation of the Muse is similar to a prayer.
The Muses are the Greek goddesses who preside over the arts
What did you do
How did you feel
to help to express some special mood or
development(s) (of an event or a situation)
1. , right now;right away
as early as
as soon as
: / P28
Indicate that the two actions take
place in sequence and the latter
follows the former immedia
She bought quite a few pieces of
Do you often go shopping in your
spare time ?
= cheap; economic
how to say in Guangdong dialect
=sell at a discount
listen and think
Where did the di
W yo y jn png gu
What would you like to buy?
how many;how much
How much is one jin of apples?
It's too expensive!
Major themes in American Literature Notes
Also known as the self-made man
Celebration of ambition and achievement
Original colonists came for religious freedom
The American Dream
Later colonists came looking to make their fortune wi
Overview of American Literature Notes
Native American Period (pre-1620)
Oral tradition of song and stories
Written accounts come after colonization
Include creation stories, myths, totems
Original authors unknown
archetypes of trickster and conjurer
Postmodernism Era Notes
The Postmodern Period includes
global conflict-Korean War, Vietnam War, the end of
the Cold War, the rise of terrorism, Gulf War, 9/11, Iraqi
War. War in Afganistan
Phoenician Writing Notes
The Sea Peoples
The Phoenicians were the best seafarers and ship builders
of the ancient world.
The famous Lebanese cedar trees covering the slopes of
mountains of their native land was a perfect material for
construction of stron
Mesopotamian Writing Notes
At first, the Sumerians used stone and clay tokens to keep
track of their mercantile dealings.
Around 3200 bce these tokens were replaced by markings
made on clay tablets and written language was born.
The first cuneiform writin
Definition of an Epic Literature Notes
A long narrative poem in elevated style presenting
characters of high position in adventures forming an organic
through their relation to a central heroic figure and through
their development of episodes import
Olmec Glyph Olmec influence on Central American
Established the first major Mesoamerican civilization.
Often regarded as the Mother Culture of later Middle
American civilizations,the Olmec people called themselves
First to use stone
Mayan Hieroglyphics Notes
The unit of the Maya writing system is the glyphic
cartouche, which is equivalent to the words and sentences
of a modern language.
Maya cartouches included at least three or four glyphs and
as many as fifty.
There is no Maya alph
History of Hieroglyphs Notes
30th century BCE: The hieroglyphic system is developed.
500 BCE: A slow revolution of hieroglyphic writing starts, as
new signs are introduced.
394 CE: The date of the last case of hieroglyphic writing.
1799: The Rosetta Stone
Ancient Writing Notes
Invention of Writing
Modern humans began drawing pictures 40,000 years ago
(San in SW Africa, Australian Aborigines, Cro-Magnon in
Writing developed on the basis of earlier existing pictographs
Revolutionary Period Notes
Writers focused on explaining and justifying the American
After the Revolution, this period becomes known as Early
Nationalism. Writers begin to ponder what it really means
to be an Am
What is Naturalism Literature Notes
Realism took a cynical turn to Naturalism when literary
writers were exposed to the views of three authors whose
scientific or political works appeared near the end of the
Realism World Era Notes
The Realistic Period, which includes the Civil War,
significant industrial inventions, and extensive westward
expansion, is one of the most turbulent and creative in
Rejection of Romantic view