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Workplace Writing Skills: ESOL-200-0AE
Table of Contents
William Shakespeare Facts Notes
Born 1564 in Stratford upon Avon, EnglandApril 23rd
Parents were Johnglovemaker, local politician and Mary
daughter of wealthy landowner
Shakespeare had 7 brothers and sisters
Spelling not yet standardized, thus name spelle
Introduction to Romeo and Juliet Notes
The Italian town Verona is beautiful, yet nothing can hide the
ugliness of the feud between its two most prominent families.
The Montagues and the Capulets hate each other.
Even though Prince Escalus has warned the f
Using a Semicolon Notes
Independent Clause ; Independent Clause
I love living in the city ; there are so many things to do.
Using a Coordinating Conjunction
Independent Clause ,coordinating conjunction Independent
He couldnt watch the show , so he
The Performances of Shakespeare Notes
The theatres often had mechanisms that allowed angels
and gods to be lowered down onto the stage. Stages were
also equipped with a trapdoor leading to a Hell beneath the
stage. The trapdoor was also used as a grave in
Varying Sentence Structure Notes
Adding Variety to Sentence Structure
To make your writing more interesting, you should try to vary
your sentences in terms of length and structure. You can make
some of your sentences long and others short. Read the two
The Sentence Notes
Clause (group of words with a subject and a verb)
Independent-strong, stands alone
Dependent-subordinate-weak, needs support
A simple sentence has one independent clause and no
The student yawned.
The Globe Theatre Shakespeare Notes
Globe built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlains Men, with
Shakespeare as a primary investor
Burned down in 1613 during a production of
Shakespeares Henry VIII when a cannon misfired and a
spark landed on the thatched roof
Compound sentence Notes
A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses that
are usually joined by a coordinating conjunction:
Henry got a new job, so he has to move.
I have a lot of homework, but I am not going to have time to
Citing an electronic document Notes
When citing an electronic document, whenever possible, cite it
in the author-date style. If electronic source lacks page numbers,
locate and identify paragraph number/paragraph heading.
APA uses a system of five heading
Citing a work with three to five authors Notes
When citing a work with three to five authors, identify all authors
in the signal phrase or in parenthesis.
(Harklau, Siegal, & Losey, 1999)
In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name
Complex Sentences Notes
Use a comma after a dependent clause if it begins the
When I first moved to the city,
I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets.
Use a comma if the dependent clause is the first part of
How to Read the Plays Notes
Do not pause at the end of a line unless the punctuation
calls for it
Read it like prose
Many of these plays have numerous references to people,
places, events, myths, etc., that you might not be familiar
with. Thats what the n
Complex sentence Notes
A complex sentence has an independent clause with one or more
dependent clauses (independent clauses are in italics). Note that
introductory dependent clauses must be followed by commas:
Since we got to the concert late, we had to m
APA Formatting and Style Guide Notes
The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is the
most commonly used format for manuscripts in the social
Personal pronouns where approp
Stages of Second Language Acquisition for ESL Students
Skill Areas of:
Grades 1-3, Grades 4-6, Grades 7-8
Stage 1: Survival/Beginning English
ESL and ELD Students in FSL Notes
It is expected that ESL/ELD students will participate in the
French as a second language (FSL) program along with their
grade-level peers. Core French curriculum expectations
may need to be modified according to the age,
Basic verb dependents Notes
A verb with just one word as its subject and no O or P or
1: He arrives, and,
A sentence containing the verb BE three times, with
adjective or place adverb as P.
6: But signing Kaka is impossible, because he i
Diagnostic Assessment Notes
an ESL/ELD assessment; and
a mathematics assessment
Informally gathered over several weeks
Report Cards for ESL/ELD Students
ESL/ELD students should be given time to develop their
Subject delay and formality Notes
Here comes your bus.
There are my gloves.
In the corner is an old oak tree.
In the corner stands an old oak tree.
From this observation arises another concern.
A postposed O following a preposition phrase
2: 'Dear pig, ar
Literacy Making the Second Language Connection Notes
An ESL student
enters an Ontario school with little or no previous knowledge
of English but has received educational experiences in
his/her own country.
may be Canadian-born but have limited proficie
Introducing quotations Notes
Include the authors name in the signal phrase, followed by the
year of publication in parenthesis.
When including the quotation in a summary/paraphrase, also
provide a page number in parenthesis after the quotation:
APA as a complex system of citation Notes
APA is a complex system of citation. When compiling the
reference list, the strategy below might be useful:
Identify the type of source:
Is it a book? A journal article? A webpage?
Find a sample citation for
Six interesting variants Notes
Why put aux first?
Because it could be negative:
So we focus on truth.
Is he ready? = Is it true tha
Essay Organization Notes
Your essay should:
have 1 margins,
use 10-12pt. Standard font (ex. Times New Roman),
be printed on standard-sized paper (8.5x 11)
[Note: If you are writing a manuscript draft, APA suggests using
A verb that has two topics
2: And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand,
They danced by the light of the moon
A topic 29 words long
3: Among other public buildings in a certain town,
which for many reasons it will be prudent to refrai
If you are asked to find the discounted value of
an investment, you need to calculate the:
Interest received over
Future value of the
Present value of the
Present value or
depending on the data