NATURE WITH NURTURE
IN THIS CHAPTER
How have ideas about nature and nurture
What are genes? What exactly do they do?
What is the environment?
How do the genetic code and environmental
contexts interact in development?
PHYSICAL and cognitive Development in
Norms standards of what is typical at
Growth curve tables
WHO research finds similar patterns in diverse parts of the
Wider individual differences in ear
Physical Development in Infancy
Directionality refers to how body proportions change
Cephalocaudal advancing from head to tail
Proximodistal progressing from the center of the body outward
THE STUDY OF HUMAN
IN THIS CHAPTER
What distinguishes developmental science from popular
common sense ideas about people?
How do developmental scientists think?
How do developmental scientists work?
WHAT LIES AHEAD
Book is organi
Socioemotional Development in Infancy
Strong and informative cues about the infants current state
Reflects stable, biologically based differences in behavior
that affect the childs interactions with social
Language Development in Infancy
Phonology sounds must be produced and
Semantics meaning of words must be learned
Syntax grammar of language must be
understood for meaning
SOCIOEMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY
Development of the Self
Cognitive construction that reflects level of
mental development, and social construction
that reflects interactions and experiences with
CONCEPTION, PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT,
In this chapter
What happens during the first nine months of
Will the baby be normal?
What should parents do during pregnancy to
optimize the babys health?
What happens during the birt
Cognitive Development in Infancy
What do babies think?
How do scientists know what babies know?
Habituation process in which a baby compares each new stimulus with a
developing memory of the stimulus based on previous exposures, thus