1 What elements on DNA does the RNA polymerase( RNAp)interact with?
2 Where are these located?
3 Prokaryotic RNAp is composed of several proteins. What are the functions of these
(generallye.g. sigma contacts promoter, etc.)
4 In w
Anatomy of autonomic pathways:
leading to an intermediate
ganglion that contains
the cell bodies of postganglionic neurons
(that innervate an effector)."
Sensory, Motor, and Integrative
Sensation and Perception
The process of sensation
1. Stimulation of sensory receptor
2. Transduction of the stimulus
3. Generation of nerve impulses
4. Integration of sensory input
Types of Sensor
Week 9-2 specific immunity Topics For Review (TFR)
antibody (please also review basic structure)
What cells are involved in specific immunity?
Week 9; Non-specific immunity
Topics for review (TFR)
What's a "nonspecific" host defense?
Compare/contrast first line, second line, and third line host defenses (mention
what defense mechanisms are included in each, and relative timing)
What physical def
Week 8-1 Pathogenicity Topics for review (TFR)
Where in/on the body do we find "normal flora"? (Please be specific e.g. don't
just say "digestive tract", but instead distinguish between the different portions of
the digestive tract)
What sites of the body
Week 11 : Vaccines and immune disorders Topics for Review (TFR)
What's variola? Variolation?
What's a vaccine?
What was Jenner's role in vaccine development?
BRIEFLY describe the effect that immunization has had in the U.S.
Are there any
Week 2 : Eukaryotes Topics For Review
In general, how does the size of a typical eukaryotic cell compare with the size of
a typical bacterial cell? A virus?
BIG PICTURE: What do eukaryotic cells have that bacteria don't? (Hint: the
Week 3 : Metabolism Topics For Review (TFR)
What's the main form of energy currency/storage for a cell?
What criteria do we use to categorize organisms by their nutrition?
Week 2: Prokaryotes Topics For Review (TFR)
How big is the average bacterium relative to a red blood cell?
What shapes do bacteria come in? What arrangements? What gives a bacteria
it's characteristic shape?
What's the major component of a bacterial cell?
Topics for review (TFR) Microbial genetic part I
What form (3D-wise) is bacterial DNA in? (i.e. is it circular or linear? Double
stranded or single stranded?)
How many chromosomes tend to be in the proka
Lecture topics for review (TFR) : Viruses
What two things do ALL viruses have?
What's a capsid made of?
What's a nucleocapsid?
Are viruses cells?
Do all viruses have envelopes?
What's a viral envelope made of?
How big are viruses, relative to eukaryotic a
Week 4 Topics for review (TFR): Microbial genetics Part II
What's an intron? Who has them?
Why are bacteria useful for genetic studies?
What's a "wild type" bacterium? What's a "mutant"?
What's an auxotroph?
What's the difference between genotype and phen
Recombinant DNA technology: Topics For Review (TFR)
What is "recombinant DNA technology?" Are these things new?
What are the three major goals for using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology?
(You should be able to discuss examples of
Biology 41 final exam study guide (Winter 2016)
The exam itself
This exam is worth 200 points (100 questions), all questions will be in scantron form so bring a
scantron 882-E ( the same one you have been using) and a #2 pencil(s) for this 2 hour exam.
Week 7: Microbial control TFR
Please define the following terms
What does the suffix "cide" mean?
What does the suffix "static" mean?
When is a microbe
* This lab was inspired by Sullivan (1993)
1. Understand the mathematical model describing the optimal relationship between tree
height and tree diameter, and the relevance of the critical buckling line.
2. Using data you collect
Plant Reproduction, Seeds and Seedlings
*Lab adapted from UC Berkeley Bio1B Lab Manual, and Bio1B lab manual by K. Duncan, Foothill
1. Focus on the details of the angiosperm life cycle. Be sure you understand the link
between the gameto
*Lab adapted from UC Berkeley Bio1B Lab Manual
1. Describe the symptoms associated with various mineral deficiencies.
2. Determine whether a given mineral nutrient is mobile or immobile.
Plants require at least 17
Nervous System and Senses
*From Biology 1B Lab Manual by K. Duncan (Foothilll College) and Human Biology Laboratory Manual
by S.S. Mader (2002, McGraw Hill)
At the end of this lab you should be able to:
1. Identify the following structures of t
Scientific Method and Plant Growth
*Lab adapted from Bio 1B Lab Manual by K. Duncan, Foothill College and from Investigating Biology
Third Edition by J.G. Morgan and M.E.B. Carter (1999, Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc.)
1. Use the sc
Making Recombinant DNA
Recombinant DNA Technology
with the gene of
Insert gene into plasmid.
Eliminate undesirable phenotype
Make recombinant organisms that produce
of DNA Ribosomes
Covalent- polar vs. n
Characteris+cs of Life
One partner defend this statement as true.
The other partner must argue it is false.
Use evidence to make your argument whenever
Cell/ Virus Scale
What are 3 characteristics of a virus that we use
for classifying them?
What made the discovery of prions so
surprising? What is their basic mechanism of
Compare the size of a single prion to a si
Use one side of a piece of paper.
Make a map/diagram that includes:
Genome (all DNA) vs.
Gene Expression (Proteins made)
basic process (start and end points, etc.)
nal product/ goal
Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes
Draw one cell (an oval) on each side of a 3x5
card. Label one prok. and one euk.
If a type of cell can have or always has a
structure, do the following:
3x5 card activity
Write your name and lab section at the top of your card
You are allowed to use ONLY notes for this activity
Answer these questions on your card and hand them in:
1. What is the relati
What might be the main reservoirs of human
What 6 types (categories) of pathogens will we
be thinking about?
What are the different ways infections can be
Different for different pathogens?
Incidence of Shigellos